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Best Proteins Are Made up of a Chain of Acid Molecules : Health Jaagran

In our society, the concept of protein is treated as an invaluable subject among people. While in many surveys, it is estimated that more than 80 percent of population in country is protein deficient. Now, point is that why protein is so much important for us and by which substance proteins are made up of?

Protein Definition

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Protein is a macro molecule or macro nutrient, that helps in growth, development, maintenance and repairing of body cells.

Significantly, it is known as a body building unit of our body. We can say it as a smallest unit of life. Although, it can be resembled like a single brick of a mansion. Here, protein is a brick and the mansion represents our body.

Therefore, protein is a building block of the human body. It is constituent of all living cells like muscles, bones, cartilage, skin and any other body parts or fluid.

Protein Classification or Protein Types

There are 3 types of proteins:

  • Globular
  • Fibrous
  • Membrane

Proteins Are Made up of

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Proteins are made up of a chain of amino acids. 20 types of amino acids help in making proteins. Out of which, 11 are non-essential and 9 are essential.

Proteins are vital to any living organism. They are the important component of muscle and other tissues. Protein provides essential amino acids and which are important for body metabolism, growth and development of the body. Protein is required for people from all aspects of lifestyle and life stages. Our body constantly uses up protein and does not store it. Therefore, it needs to be replenished every day.

Below the most common 20 amino acids in proteins are listed with their three-letter and one-letter codes:


Charged (side chains often form salt bridges):

  • Arginine – Arg – R
  • Lysine – Lys – K
  • Aspartic acid – Asp – D
  • Glutamic acid – Glu – E



Polar (form hydrogen bonds as proton donors or acceptors):

  • Glutamine – Gln – Q
  • Asparagine – Asn – N
  • Histidine – His – H
  • Serine – Ser – S
  • Threonine – Thr – T
  • Tyrosine – Tyr – Y
  • Cysteine – Cys – C

Amphipathic (often found at the surface of proteins or lipid membranes, sometimes also classified as polar):

  • Tryptophan – Trp – W
  • Tyrosine – Tyr – Y
  • Methionine – Met – M

Hydrophobic (normally buried inside the protein core):

  • Alanine – Ala – A
  • Isoleucine – Ile – I
  • Leucine – Leu – L
  • Methionine – Met – M
  • Phenylalanine – Phe – F
  • Valine – Val – V
  • Proline – Pro – P
  • Glycine – Gly – G

Protein Structure and Formation

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In our body, everything is made up of protein. Body cells, tissues, enzymes, hormones, secretion and even saliva is made up of protein molecules.

There are 20 different types of amino acids in our body.

Out of these 20 amino acids, 11 are non-essential amino acids means that these 11 can be synthesized in our body and we need not to take them from outside i.e. food and remaining 9 amino acids are known as essential amino acids because they can’t be synthesized in our body and we have to take them from outside i.e. food, for keeping ourself healthy.

Protein Function and Need

Different types of protein molecules are formed as per different combination of these 20 amino acids. Particular combination signifies such special function of protein in our body. As we know that enzymes, hormones etc. are a type of protein. So, these proteins are made up of different combination of amino acids for performing specific function of our body part.

An organism uses protein to build, repair, grow and maintain body cells and tissues. It helps to sustain healthy and strong body.

It provides essential amino acids required for healthy metabolism, growth and development.

Our body constantly consumes protein but does not store excess protein. Hence, daily intake of protein is necessary to ensure that our body gets the recommended amount of protein it needs.

  • Protein helps in maintaining body temperature.
  • Promotes body growth and maintenance.
  • It supports body fluid balance.
  • Helps in maintaining cholesterol level.
  • It supports skin and hair health.
  • Supports joint health.
  • Helps in weight management.
  • It acts as a messenger, hormones.

As per ICMR and WHO, a healthy adult needs approx. 1 gm protein/ kg of body weight every day. So, an adult of 60 kg would need approx. 60 gm of protein every day. Due to hectic lifestyle and poor eating habits, many of us may be lacking the required protein in our everyday diet.

As per ICMR, for 1 kg body weight, 1 gm of protein is essential.

For 50 kg body weight 50 gm of protein is required daily.

For children 1.5 gm protein per kg weight and for pregnant women, 1.75 gm protein per kg weight is required daily.

Protein Deficiency Disease

  • Kwashiorkor
  • Marasmus
  • Impaired mental health
  • Wasting and shrinkage of muscle tissues
  • Weak immune system
  • Hair fall
  • Skin problems
  • Oedema
  • Fatal death

Protein Sources or Protein Food List

We can get protein from food items like milk, eggs, cottage cheese (paneer), curd, pulses, fish, dried fruits, meat and poultry.

Protein in Chana

19 gm protein per 100 gm of black chickpea

Protein Content in Egg

13 gm protein per 100 gm of boiled egg

Protein Content in Milk

3.4 gm protein per 100 gm of milk (1% fat)

Protein in Paneer

14 gm protein per 100 gm of paneer

Protein in Banana

1.1 gm protein per 100 gm of bananas

Protein in Moong Dal

24 gm protein per 100 gm of moong beans

Protein Content in Chicken

27 gm protein per 100 gm of chicken

Protein Supplement

NUTRILITE All Plant Protein Powder Supplement, is a tri-blend of Soy protein, Wheat protein & Yellow Pea protein. It gives the tri-benefits of 80% protein that is 100% plant sourced. Also, this branded protein provides all 9 essential amino acids and is lactose free & easy to digest.

Along with regular diet, Nutrilite all plant protein powder can help in filling the gap of protein in everyday diet.

Nutrilite protein provides all of the 9 essential amino acids. The formulation offers the added benefits of naturally occurring soy isoflavones, calcium and iron. Every day, many new cells are being produced and old cells are destroyed in the body. All cells are made of proteins. The body requires 22 different amino acids, out of which 9 are essential amino acids.

Prevention is better than cure. So be alert and be aware of the importance of protein for enjoying a healthy life.

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We are concluding with the hope that you would be firm about the concept of protein and respectively health in your life. Above, you might have understood the basic definition of protein and the ways in which you can maintain and sustain your good health for a better lifestyle.

Know about the health tips in Hindi (Post, Video)

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Are You Ready with the Powerful Concept of Health and Fitness

Normally in our society, the concept of health and fitness is treated as a surplus and invaluable subject among people. So, people usually say that the health of an individual is the condition of wellbeingness, when an individual is not affected by any kind of disease.

In fact, if an individual is free from illness, injury and pain. Then people treat it as a healthy life. While mostly they are not even aware about the powerful concept of health and fitness.

Are you accepting this kind of thinking? How do you feel about the health and wellness in your lifestyle?

But i can’t accept it. Because i think, i can’t analyse myself as much as healthy before any examine and also i can not sure myself that how much time, i am affecting from any disease before the symptoms i feel.

So, if still you think that you are healthy. Then you must read given below information about the powerful concept of health and fitness. Really, believe us. Its for you only.

What is the concept of health and fitness ?

“Health is wealth” is a most common proverb among people. But the question is that, does they really prove it. People indulge in earning money whole life by compromising health. At the last, they have to spend that earning for maintaining good health. So, people should be aware about exact definition of health so that they can maintain at their best.

Certainly, importance of health is understood by people at the last of life. Whole life, they enjoys a lot with compromising health. But they feels bad after spending a long journey, when there would be no chance to recover their degenerative disorders.

WHO (World Health Organization) says: Health definition by WHO

Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

(HEALTH OF AN INDIVIDUAL = PHYSICAL HEALTH + MENTAL HEALTH + SOCIAL HEALTH)

Therefore, significance of good health comes with good balance in between the body, mind and relationships. Firstly, body signifies physical health. Secondly, mind signifies mental health. Thirdly, relationship signifies social health. Hence, complete health means to overlap all states of life.

Types of health

Physical Health or State: (Body)

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Physical health is the condition of a body that defines the overall wellbeingness of an organism with respect to the fitness level and the absence of diseases in the body at physical level. So, it can be affected by your lifestyle. Therefore, you need to follow good physical habits in your daily routine work. Moreover, people must intake good nutrition for healthy physique.

Following are few measures of physical health –

  • Anatomical condition
  • Physiological condition
  • Biochemical functions of body
  • Investigations done by using anthropometric methods, CBC (Complete blood count), CUT (Complete urine test), KFT (Kidney failure test), LFT (Liver failure test), RFT (Renal failure test) etc.

Mental Health or State: (Mind)

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Mental health is the condition of a body that defines the overall wellbeingness of an organism with respect to emotional state. So, it is all about our feelings, wishes, thinking & behavior. You need to maintain yourself emotionally, for having a good health and therefore, you have to think positively and feel good. In addition, nutrition also plays an important role in mental health.

Nutrition helps in maintaining mental peace and calmness. So, you can use herbs like ashwagandha, as a vitality booster.

Following are few measures of mental health –

  • Psychological condition
  • Spirituality
  • Enjoyment of his/her life
  • Good relationship with others
  • Stress level
  • Investigations done by IQ test, personality test etc. (Mental problems are identified based on the experiences and observations of a variety of symptoms and then results into a psychiatric diagnosis while with psychological problems, the clinicians formulate a hypothesis based on symptoms as per social and environmental factors affecting the patient).

Social Health or State: (Relationship)

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Social health is defined as the state of ability of an organism to make healthy relationships with other organism in positive ways. Hence, human being should maintain a good relation with every other human being and even animals around them so that they can create a positive environment to live in a better way.

Good relationship comes with positive mindset. Therefore, people need to have good mental health. In other words, they have to do work on their positive mental attitude. So, positive thinking with positive actions can make a good relations.

Following are few measures of social health –

  • Living well in surroundings
  • Cultural aspects
  • Traditional life
  • Conversation in society
  • Investigations done by checking personal & social attitude, level of literacy, employment, respect in society, communication skills etc.

In addition, Optimal Health (Definition of optimal health) equals to the status of physical exercise, positive mental attitude, adequate rest and nutritional intake of an individual i.e. nutrition.

Pillars of optimal health of an organism

Firstly, E (Physical exercise) +

Secondly, A (Positive attitude) +

Thirdly, R (Adequate rest) +

Fourthly, N (Good nutrition).

That’s why, we call that optimal health does not come by self. It has to EARN.

E = Physical exercise:

Medical science and clinicians/doctors suggests that everyone should do exercise (sweat must come) of minimum 30 min to 45 min per day so that body can consume energy, being taken through food.

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A = Positive attitude:

Everyone must read positive mental attitude books or listen audios/ videos for enhancing positive mindset and living stress less life.

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R = Adequate rest:

As per medical experts, everyone must sleep well in between  appx. 6 hrs. to 8 hrs. daily so that body cells can be repaired properly on daily basis.

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N = Good nutrition:

Nutritious food is required to fulfill basic energy requirement of body cells. In addition, nutrition is needed for cells’s growth & maintenance, regulation of body fluids and building immune system to protect body cells from foreign particles.

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Prevention is better than cure. So be alert, be aware of health aspects and prevent yourself & your surroundings for enjoying a healthy life.

-healthjaagran

In this paragraph, i am concluding with the hope that you would be firm about the concept of health in your life. Above, you might have understood the basic definition of your optimal health and the ways in which you can maintain and sustain your good health for a better lifestyle.

Health is an important pillar of successful life. It plays a vital role in getting real success in life. Success is worthless without good health. So, you need to be aware about health. Rather, people are so much conscious about money only. Health is as much as important like money in life.

Know about the health tips in Hindi (Post, Video)

Please keep in touch for sharing more knowledge.


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