Tag Archives: #typesofnutrients

Why Do We Need Vitamins and Minerals for Good Health: Hindi Podcast

Are you be aware about the need of nutrients in the body. Why do we need vitamins and minerals in our daily routine habits. Know the detailed information in Hindi audio podcast.

Why do we need vitamins and minerals

Given below is the Hindi podcast for you. It is to learn and gather information in Hindi language. Check and learn the information.

https://healthjaagran.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/definition-types-roles-functions-and-importance-of-vitamins-and-minerals-1.mp3
Definitions, types, roles, functions and importance of Vitamins and Minerals (HINDI): Health Jaagran

Micro-nutrients

Nutrients which are required in very much smaller qualities. They are smaller as compared to macro-nutrients in the body of an organism.

Types of micro-nutrients

  1. Vitamins (organic compounds): Water-soluble & Fat-soluble vitamins.
  2. Minerals (inorganic compounds): Macro-minerals & Trace minerals.

Vit D3 miracle

Dr. Strand, M.D.

Deep Nutrition

Vitamin D

Health Meaning in Hindi and Its Importance : Hindi Podcast

Health is wealth. So, we need to be aware about its importance. Know health meaning in Hindi and help yourself in booting healthy life.

Health Definition, Types, Health Pillars and Importance Of Health: HINDI

Check and listen given below audio file to know definition of health, its types and importance for getting healthy lifestyle.

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Episode – Health definition, types, pillars and its importance (HINDI): Health Jaagran

Best lifestyle books collection

Nutrients Meaning in Hindi : Healthy Nutrition, पोषक तत्व (न्यूट्रिएंट्स)

Here, we are going to explain the nutrients meaning in Hindi language. You would be enjoy the article. So, keep learning with patience. It would be helpful to every common countryman of India.

पोषक तत्व (Nutrients meaning in Hindi) क्या है ?

भोजन से प्राप्त होने वाले वो रसायनिक पदार्थ (केमिकल सब्सटेंस), जो किसी भी जीव के शरीर के विकास, मरम्मत, रखरखाव और प्रजनन(रिप्रोडक्शन) प्रक्रियाओं के लिए अनिवार्य होते हैं, उन्हें पोषक तत्व कहा जाता है।

पोषक तत्व शरीर को पोषण प्रदान करते हैं और शरीर के विकास और रखरखाव के लिए अति आवश्यक है। पोषक तत्वों के हमारे शरीर में विशिष्ट कार्य हैं और उनके कार्य के अनुसार ही उनकी भिन्न-भिन्न मात्राएं हमारे शरीर को चाहिए होती है।

कृपया ध्यान में रखें कि पोषक तत्व(न्यूट्रिएंट्स) हमारे शरीर के पोषण का स्रोत हैं, जैसे भोजन, जो जीव द्वारा ऊर्जा में परिवर्तित किया जाता है। जबकि पोषण विज्ञान(न्यूट्रीशन) एक जैविक क्रिया है, जिसके अंतर्गत भोजन का पाचन करके अवशेष पदार्थो को शरीर से निष्कासित किया जाता है।

अलग-अलग प्रकार के जीवों की, आवश्यक पोषक तत्वों की जरूरतें अलग-अलग होती हैं।

बड़े पैमाने पर देखा जाए तो पोषक तत्वों को दो वर्गों में बांटा गया है।

पहला, जैविक या अकार्बनिक (ऑर्गेनिक)

दूसरा, अजैविक या अकार्बनिक (इनऑर्गेनिक)

जैविक(ऑर्गेनिक) पोषक तत्वों में ऐसे योगिक(कंपाउंड्स) सम्मिलित होते हैं जिनमें कार्बन शामिल होता है।

अजैविक(इनऑर्गेनिक) पोषक तत्वों में ऐसे योगिक(कंपाउंड्स) सम्मिलित होते हैं जिनमें कार्बन शामिल नहीं होता है।

जानवरों की तुलना में पेड़-पौधों के पोषक तत्वों की जरूरतें बदलती रहती हैं और अलग भी होती हैं, क्योंकि पेड़ पौधे बहुत से पोषक तत्वों को खुद ही निर्मित करते रहते हैं। पेड़ पौधों को लगभग 17 पोषक तत्वों(न्यूट्रिएंट्स) की जरूरत होती है जिनमें से 9 मैक्रोन्यूट्रिएंट्स हैं (nitrogen (N), phosphorus(P), potassium(K), calcium(Ca), sulfur(S), magnesium(Mg), carbon (C), oxygen(O) and hydrogen(H)) और 8 माइक्रोन्यूट्रिएंट्स होते हैं (iron (Fe), boron (B), chlorine (Cl), manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), molybdenum (Mo) and nickel (Ni)).


किसी भी जीव के पोषक तत्वों की आवश्यकता के आधार पर पोषक तत्वों को दो वर्गों में बांटा गया है

मैक्रोन्यूट्रिएंट्स(Macro-nutrients)

पहला, मैक्रोन्यूट्रिएंट्स: इस वर्ग के अंतर्गत वे पोषक तत्व आते हैं, जो जीवों को अधिक मात्रा में चाहिए होते हैं (ग्राम्स या ओंस )

  • इसके अंतर्गत रासायनिक पदार्थ जैसे- कार्बोहाइड्रेट, प्रोटीन, फैट और पानी आते हैं।
  • इसके अंतर्गत रासायनिक तत्व जैसे कार्बन, हाइड्रोजन, ऑक्सीजन, नाइट्रोजन, सल्फर और फास्फोरस आते हैं। यह 6 रासायनिक तत्व सभी जीवों के लिए मैक्रोन्यूट्रिएंट्स हैं।
  • माइक्रोन्यूट्रिएंट्स जीवो को विकास और रखरखाव के लिए ऊर्जा प्रदान करते हैं
  • जीवों के शारीरिक निर्माण में अहम भूमिका निभाते हैं।
  • कार्बोहाइड्रेट ऐसे पदार्थ हैं जो अलग-अलग प्रकार के शुगर से मिलकर बनते हैं। कार्बोहाइड्रेट को चार प्रकारों में वर्गीकृत किया गया है पहला, मोनोसैकेराइड्स दूसरा,डाईसैकेराइड्स तीसरा, ओलिगोसैकेराइड्स और चौथा पॉलिसैकेराइड्स।
  • प्रोटीन जैविक पदार्थ हैं, जो अमीनो एसिड्स से मिलकर बने हुए होते हैं और अलग-अलग प्रकार के अमीनो एसिड्स आपस में पेप्टाइड बॉन्ड से जुड़े हुए होते हैं। प्रोटीन भोजन के रूप में लिया जाता है और शरीर में पाचन क्रिया के दौरान प्रोटीएज नामक एंजाइम की सहायता से दोबारा अमीनो एसिड्स में तोड़ा जाता है ताकि अमीनो एसिड्स की अलग-अलग संरचनायें शरीर के विभिन्न हिस्सों में कार्य अनुसार प्रतिक्रिया में सहायक बने।
  • फैट्स या वसा, ग्लिसरीन और फैटी एसिड का मिलाजुला योगिक है, जिसमें कोलेस्ट्रॉल, ट्राइग्लिसराइड, एचडीएल, एलडीएल, वीएलडीएल आदि का भी योगदान रहता है।
    • ऊर्जा प्राप्ति: फैट्स (9 किलो कैलोरी पर ग्राम), प्रोटीन (4 किलो कैलोरी पर ग्राम), कार्बोहाइड्रेट्स (4 किलो कैलोरी पर ग्राम)। शरीर के कार्यों को करने के लिए जिस ऊर्जा की आवश्यकता शरीर को होती है वह ऊर्जा सबसे पहले कार्बोहाइड्रेट्स से, फिर फैक्ट्स से और अंत में प्रोटीन से ली जाता है।

माइक्रोन्यूट्रिएंट्स(Micro-nutrients)

दूसरा, माइक्रोन्यूट्रिएंट्स: इस वर्ग के अंतर्गत वे पोषक तत्व आते हैं, जो जीवों द्वारा मैक्रोन्यूट्रिएंट्स की तुलना में कम मात्रा में चाहिए होते हैं (मिलीग्राम या माइक्रोग्राम )

  • इस वर्ग में विटामिन और मिनरल सम्मिलित हैं।
  • कोशिकाओं के जैव-रासायनिक और शारीरिक कार्यों के लिए अनिवार्य हैं।
  • शरीर को बैक्टीरिया, वायरस आदि से बचाने में अहम भूमिका निभाते हैं।
  • मिनरल्स एसे तत्व हैं, जो चयापचय(मेटाबोलिक) क्रियाओं के लिए अति आवश्यक होते हैं।
  • विटामिंस एसे जैविक पदार्थ हैं, जो हमारे शरीर के लिए अति आवश्यक हैं और भिन्न भिन्न प्रकार के प्रोटींस के लिए को-फैक्टर या को-एंजाइम की तरह काम करते हैं तथा मेटाबोलिक नियंत्रक और एंटीऑक्सीडेंट्स की भूमिका भी निभाते हैं।
  • विटामिन्स की कमी से बीमारी होती है। लेकिन मिनरल्स की कमी से मौत भी हो सकती है, क्योंकि हमारे अंग प्रणाली में, मिनरल्स के बहुत ही अहम् कार्य होते हैं, जैसे- आयरन की कमी से शरीर में हिमोग्लोबिन का कम होना, कैल्शियम की कमी से हार्ट अटैक होने की संभावना आदि।

आवश्यक पोषक तत्व(एसेंशियल न्यूट्रिएंट्स)

ऐसे पोषक तत्व जो किसी जीव द्वारा उसकी शारीरिक और जैव रासायनिक क्रियाओं के लिए आवश्यक होते हैं। लेकिन उन पोषक तत्वों का जीव के शरीर में या तो अभाव होता है या फिर जीव के शरीर में बनते ही नहीं है। साधारण भाषा में हम यह कह सकते हैं कि जीव को उन पोषक तत्व को भोजन के रूप में बाहर से लेना होता है।

  • भोजन से ही लेना होता है।
  • मेटाबोलिक क्रियाओं के लिए अति आवश्यक पोषक तत्व होते हैं।
  • आवश्यक पोषक तत्वों की सूची: 9 अमीनो एसिड्स (phenylalanine, valine, threonine, tryptophan, methionine, leucine, isoleucine, lysine, and histidine), 2 फैटी एसिड्स (alpha-linolenic acid (an omega-3 fatty acid) and linoleic acid (an omega-6 fatty acid)), 13 विटामिंस (vitamins A, C, D, E(tocopherols and tocotrienols), K, thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), pantothenic acid (B5), pyridoxine (B6), biotin (B7), folate (B9), and cobalamin (B12), 15 मिनरल्स (potassium, chloride, sodium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc, manganese, copper, iodine, chromium, molybdenum, selenium and cobalt (component of vitamin B12).
  • उत्तम स्वास्थ्य प्राप्त करने के लिए, हमें इन पोषक तत्वों को अच्छे भोजन के साथ साथ खाद्य सप्लीमेंट्स के रूप में भी अलग से लेना होता है।

अनावश्यक या गैर जरूरी पोषक तत्व

ऐसे पोषक तत्व जो किसी भी जीव के शारीरिक और जैव रासायनिक क्रियाओं के लिए आवश्यक होते हैं। लेकिन उन्हें बाहर से लेने की आवश्यकता नहीं होती है, क्योंकि वे पोषक तत्व जीव के शरीर में स्वतः ही निर्मित होते रहते हैं एवं बाहरी स्रोत या शरीर में उनकी उचित मात्रा उपलब्ध होती है।

  • शरीर में खुद ही बनते रहते हैं।
  • खाद्य सप्लीमेंट्स के रूप में लेने की आवश्यकता नहीं है।

फाइटोन्यूट्रिएंट्स या प्लांट न्यूट्रिएंट्स

पेड़ पौधों से प्राप्त होने वाले मुख्य पोषक तत्वों को फाइटोन्यूट्रिएंट्स या प्लांट बेस्ड न्यूट्रिएंट्स कहा जाता है। ये पोषक तत्व पौधों से प्राप्त होने वाले रासायनिक तत्वों के रूप में जाने जाते हैं जिनमें पौधों से प्राप्त होने वाले पोषक और ग़ैर-पोषक तत्व दोनों ही सम्मिलित होते हैं। जैसे पॉलिफिनॉल्स, फ्लेवोनॉयड्स, रेसवेराट्रॉल और लिगनेंस आदि।

Phyto-nutrients are plant based compounds which are rich in antioxidants and are key ingredients to help neutralize free radical damages.

Combination of vitamins and minerals with phyto-nutrients induces high potential effect of nutrients for empowering immune system of an organism.
  • इनमें शक्तिशाली एंटीऑक्सीडेंट प्रभाव होते हैं। हम देखते हैं कि पेड़ पौधों का जीवन लंबा और शानदार होता है।
  • ये पोषक तत्व पेड़-पौधों के रंग और छिलके से प्राप्त होते हैं।
  • अभी भी इन तत्वों की खोजबीन जारी है कि, ये जीवों के स्वास्थ्य को बेहतर बनाने में कितने समर्थ हैं।

“Nutrients are lifeline of our healthy and wealthy lifestyle” – healthjaagran

Nutrients meaning in English.

You might have learnt so much things about nutrients meaning in Hindi. This article would be helpful to you. So, please feel free to share your feelings with us to grow more in life. Normally, it is tough to find exact nutrients meaning in Hindi language. But, here you found lots of information about different types of nutrients in Hindi version.


How Nutrients and Nutrition Difference Can Aware Us about Healthy Life

Here, we are going to share different topics of healthy lifestyle with our guest speakers. Knowledge sharing on importance of essential nutrients and phyto nutrients. Also, you will be able to identify nutrients and nutrition difference.

Essential Nutrients, Phytonutrients and Nutrition for an organism: HINDI Podcast

https://healthjaagran.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/05/health-awareness-session.mp3
Health awareness session no. 1 on nutrition (HINDI) – Health Jaagran

We need to understand the importance of essential nutrients and phyto-nutrients in maintaining our optimal health.

Please check and listen above podcast audio file to get detailed information on above mentioned topics.

Nutrition definition in English.

Nutrition definition in Hindi.

Never ever fail to fulfill nutritional requirement of body.

Stay healthy stay safe.

healthjaagran

Wonderful Health Tips in Hindi for Your Healthy and Wealthy Life

“Health is Wealth” is a very common proverb among us. But many of us are not aware about it. The role of health and fitness in our life is most valuable to achieve optimal health. Here, we are going to elaborate the facts of healthy life in Hindi. So, you are welcome to check health tips in Hindi language.

स्वास्थ्य क्या है ? (#Health tips in Hindi)

साधारण तौर पर अगर कहा जाए कि स्वास्थ्य क्या है ? तो हमारे समाज में यह समझा जाता है कि किसी भी व्यक्ति को यदि कोई बीमारी नहीं है तो वह व्यक्ति स्वस्थ है। यहां तक समझा जाता है कि किसी व्यक्ति को कोई चोट, कमजोरी या दर्द नहीं है तो वह व्यक्ति स्वस्थ है।

परंतु ,

डब्ल्यूएचओ, WHO (विश्व स्वास्थ्य संगठन) क्या कहता है?

डब्ल्यूएचओ, WHO स्वास्थ की व्याख्या करते हुए कहता है कि यह वह अवस्था है जिसमें कोई भी व्यक्ति शारीरिक, मानसिक और सामाजिक रूप से पूरी तरह स्वस्थ होता है। केवल रोगों का अभाव होना ही अच्छा स्वास्थ्य होना नहीं है।

(अच्छा स्वास्थ्य = शारीरिक + मानसिक + सामाजिक स्थिति )

हमारे शरीर, मस्तिष्क और व्यवहार के बीच का अच्छा संतुलन ही हमारे अच्छे स्वास्थ्य को दर्शाता है।

शारीरिक अवस्था (शरीर संबंधी)/ #Physical Health

  • शरीर की संरचनात्मक अवस्था संबंधी
  • भौतिक अवस्था
  • जैविक-रासायनिक अवस्था
  • शारीरिक अवस्था की जांच करने के लिए एंथ्रोपोमेट्रिक तरीके, सीवीसी (कंपलीट ब्लड काउंट टेस्ट), सीयूटी (कंप्लीट यूरिन टेस्ट), केएफटी (किडनी फेल टेस्ट), एलएफटी (लिवर फेलर टेस्ट), आर एस टी (रिनल फैलियर टेस्ट) आदि का उपयोग किया जाता है।

मानसिक अवस्था (मस्तिष्क से संबंधी)/ #Mental Health

  • मनोवैज्ञानिक अवस्था
  • आध्यात्मिक अवस्था
  • जीवन जीने की शैली
  • दूसरों के साथ संबंध
  • तनाव का स्तर
  • मानसिक अवस्था की जांच आइक्यू टेस्ट, पर्सनैलिटी टेस्ट आदि से की जाती है।
  • मानसिक परेशानियों का पता अनेक प्रकार के लक्षणों के अनुभव और अवलोकन के बाद ही चलता है और जिसका परिणाम साइकेट्रिक डायग्नोसिस के रूप में मिलता है। जबकि मनोवैज्ञानिक समस्याओं के साथ, चिकित्सक रोगी के सामाजिक और वातावरणिक कारकों से प्रभावित लक्षणों की परिकल्पना तैयार करता है।

सामाजिक अवस्था (व्यवहार से संबंधी)/ #Social Health

  • परिवेश में रहने का तरीका
  • सांस्कृतिक रूप
  • परंपरागत जीवन यापन
  • समाज में बातचीत करने का तरीका
  • किसी भी व्यक्ति के सामाजिक अवस्था की जांच उसकी व्यक्तिगत और सामाजिक व्यवहार उसकी साक्षरता का स्तर उसका रोजगार समाज में सम्मान बातचीत करने की योग्यता आदि से की जाती हैं।

इसके अलावा सर्वोत्तम स्वास्थ्य को हम यह भी कह सकते हैं कि यह वह अवस्था है जिसे हम शारीरिक व्यायाम, सकारात्मक मानसिक व्यवहार, उचित आराम और अच्छा पोषण लेकर प्राप्त कर सकते हैं।

सर्वोत्तम स्वास्थ्य के स्तंभ (Pillars: Health tips in Hindi)

पहला E(शारीरिक व्यायाम )

दूसरा A(सकारात्मक व्यवहार या रवैया )

तीसरा R(उचित आराम )

चौथा N(अच्छा पोषण )

इसलिए हम कहते हैं कि सर्वोत्तम स्वास्थ्य अपने आप नहीं मिलता है, उसे हमें कमाना (EARN) पड़ता है।

E(शारीरिक व्यायाम)= चिकित्सा विज्ञान और चिकित्सकों का अनुभव और सुझाव है कि हर व्यक्ति को दिन में कम से कम 30 से 45 मिनट शारीरिक व्यायाम करना चाहिए जिसमें पसीना निकलता हो।

A(सकारात्मक व्यवहार या रवैया)= दुनिया के हर एक सफल व्यक्ति का सुझाव है कि किसी भी क्षेत्र में सफलता प्राप्त करने के लिए सकारात्मक व्यवहार होना आवश्यक है और इस सकारात्मक व्यवहार को लाने के लिए हमें प्रतिदिन लगातार सकारात्मक किताबें पढ़ना चाहिए और उत्साहित करने वाली सकारात्मक ऑडियो या वीडियो सुनने/देखने चाहिए।

R(उचित आराम)= चिकित्सा विशेषज्ञों के अनुसार हर किसी व्यक्ति को रोजाना कम से कम 6 से 8 घंटे की नींद (घोड़े बेचके सोना) लेनी चाहिए।

N(अच्छा पोषण)= शरीर की हर एक कोशिका के विकास, मरम्मत, रखरखाव और बाहरी तत्वों से रक्षा करने के लिए प्रतिरोधक क्षमता को अच्छे पोषण के साथ ही प्राप्त किया जा सकता है।

इलाज से बेहतर रोकथाम है। इसलिए सावधान रहिए, अपनी स्वास्थ्य अवस्था के लिए सचेत रहिए एवं अपने और अपने चारों ओर के वातावरण को बचाए।

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Vitamins Soluble in Water with Powerful Benefits for Healthy Life: Nutrients

Which vitamins are soluble in water? Here, you will get deep knowledge about vitamins soluble in water. So, look ahead and enjoy the article.

Micro-nutrients (Micro means very small)

Nutrients which are required in very much smaller qualities as compared to macro-nutrients in the body of an organism.

They are essential as much as macro-nutrients, for biochemical reactions and physiological actions in the body of an organism.

Micro-nutrients help in metabolism (biochemical processes in living organism) of macro-nutrients in living organisms. So, in our daily diet both types of nutrients are important for our healthy lifestyle.

Types of micro-nutrients

  1. Vitamins (organic compounds): Water-soluble & Fat-soluble vitamins.
  2. Minerals (inorganic compounds): Macro-minerals & Trace minerals.

Vitamins

Variety of food has different amount of nutrients i.e. phyto-nutrients, vitamins and minerals etc. so we must intake variety of foods to get enough amount of all nutrients.

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Vitamins are micro organic compounds, made up by plants and animals which can be broken down by heat, acid or air.

Categorized into two types:

i). Water-soluble (vitamins soluble in water) &

ii). Fat-soluble vitamins (soluble in fat).

Water-soluble vitamins (Vitamin-B group & C)

Vitamins which are dissolve in water and not easily stored in our body. They get removed out with urine when consumed in excess amount. Basically, these are vitamins soluble in water.

Salient features of water-soluble vitamins

Vitamin B1
  • Most of Vitamins B act as coenzymes that help in triggering chemical reactions which are essential for energy production.
  • Vitamin B1 (Thiamine): (RDA= 1.0 to 1.7 mg/day)
    • Found in unpolished and unmilled grains.
    • Functions: Helps in converting nutrient into energy i.e. carbohydrate and protein metabolism, nervous system, genetic synthesis (RNA & DNA), regular growth and uterus health.
    • Sources: Whole wheat, Kidney beans, Soy bean, Gram, Peanut, Sunflower seed, Sesame seed, Green pea, Cabbage, Mushroom, Egg, Orange, Watermelon, Yeast, Fish, Brown rice etc.
    • Excess tea and coffee lowers thiamine absorption level.
    • Baking soda in cooking hampers vitamin absorption rate.
    • Deficiencies: Dry beri-beri (nervous & muscular system), Wet beri-beri (Cardiovascular & Neurological system), Infantile beri-beri (breast feed infants), Cerebral beri-beri (in alcoholics).
Vitamin B2
  • Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin): (RDA= 1.1 to 2.1 mg/day)
    • Functions: Helps in energy production i.e. fat, protein & carbs metabolism, cell function, as a coenzyme, vitamin & mineral metabolism, antioxidant activities in body, RBCs synthesis & reproduction.
    • Sources: Whole mild, Curd, Spinach, Mushroom, Tomato, Almond, Peanut, Gram, Whole wheat, Yeast, Mutton, Fish, Egg, Cheese etc.
    • Deficiencies: Ariboflavinosis (Inflammation of tongue & mouth, lip corner cracks, eye & nervous system defects).
Vitamin B3
  • Vitamin B3 (Niacin): (RDA= 12 to 21 mg/day)
    • Exist in 2 forms= Nicotinic acid & Nicotinamide.
    • Niacin is a component of carbohydrate, protein and fat breakdown.
    • Functions: Drives production of energy from food, essential for synthesis of fatty acids & steroids, repair DNA, mobilization of calcium, metabolism of alcohol, skin health & proper digestion.
    • Helps in secretion of insulin and sexual hormones.
    • Increases blood circulation and decreases cholesterol.
    • Sources: Cereals, Pulses, Whole wheat, Wheat bran, Pumpkin seed, Peanut, Almond, Dates, Egg, Meat, Mushroom, Spinach, Tomato, Carrot, Potato, Bajra, Barley etc.
    • Deficiencies: Pellagra (Weight loss, weakness, reduced appetite), Diarrhoea, Dementia, Dermatitis.
Vitamin B5
  • Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid): (RDA= 5 mg/day)
    • Essential for fatty acid synthesis process.
    • Functions: Helps in healing wounds, normal growth, metabolism, nervous system, glands functioning and prevention from free radicals means improve immunity & aging.
    • Sources: Yeast, Pulses, Salmon, Geminated wheat, Mushroom, Orange etc.
Vitamin B6
  • Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine): (RDA= 2.0 to 2.5 mg/day)
    • Family of 3 compounds= Pyridoxal, Pyridoxine and Pyridoxamine.
    • Functions: Helps in releasing sugar from stored amount of carbohydrates for energy, creating blood cells & anti-bodies, transamination of amino acids, responsible for oxygen binding in haemoglobin, synthesis of WBCs, carbohydrate metabolism, gene expression, for interconversion from tryptophan to niacin and homocysteine to cysteine.
    • It maintains ratio in between sodium and phosphorus and also regulates fluid balance in between sodium and potassium.
    • Sources: Meat, Fish, Almond, Oat, Wheat bran, Potato, Watermelon, Spinach, Banana, Soy bean etc.
    • Deficiencies: Inflammation of tongue, skin of scalp, hair or face, Anaemia due to pale colored RBCs, Depression, Headaches, Confusion and Convulsions.
Vitamin B7
  • Vitamin B7 (Biotin): (RDA= 30 mcg/day)
    • Functions: Helps in metabolism of fatty acids, amino acids and glucose, also helps in skin health and metabolism.
    • Regulates nucleic acid formation i.e. RNA, DNA.
    • Prohibits baldness.
    • Sources: Pulses, Yeast, Germinated beans, Egg, Soybean etc.
Vitamin B9
  • Vitamin B9 (Folate): (RDA= 200 to 300 mcg/day)
    • Essential for cell division.
    • Functions: Helps in synthesis of genetic material, proliferation, amino acids metabolism, cell maturation, improvement of mental state, heart protective, maintain blood pressure, lowers risk of cancer.
    • Sources: Spinach, Bathua, Mustard, Carrot, Broccoli, Tomato, Peas, Orange, Banana, Melon, Egg, Meat, Whole grains etc.
    • Deficiencies: Anaemia, Spina bifida (bulging of spinal cord or spinal fluid), Neural tube defects in foetus.
Vitamin B12
  • Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin): (RDA= 1.0 to 1.5 mcg/day)
    • Only vitamin that has cobalt mineral in its structure.
    • Functions: Helps in formation of RBCs, functioning of nervous system, folic acid metabolism, coenzyme for amino acid conversion, maintain myelin sheath of nervous system, metabolism of fatty acids and improves mental concentration.
    • Sources: Seafood, Meat, Chicken, Organ meat, Milk and milk products, Egg etc.
    • Deficiencies: Pernicious Anaemia, Abnormal formation of blood cells, Loss of appetite, Diarrhoea, Mental retardness, Memory loss, Concentration loss.
Vitamin C
  • Vitamin-C (Ascorbic acid): (RDA= 40 to 60 mg/day)
    • Acts as antioxidant.
    • Functions: Helps in building immune system, neurotransmitters and collagen, absorption of iron, transport of fatty acids, tyrosine & thyroxin, lowers cholesterol & stress, repairing and maintenance of tissues etc.
    • Sources: Melon, Lemon, Orange, Kiwi, Mango, Papaya, Guava, Tomato, Green chillies, Potato, Spinach, Bathua, Amla(Indian gooseberry) etc.
    • Deficiencies: Scurvy (bleeding gums, delay in wound healing), Infantile scurvy (bone pain and difficulty in movement).
    • Excess: Diarrhoea, Stomach inflammation and Kidney stones.

Fat-soluble vitamins (Vitamin A, D, E, K)

Click fat soluble vitamins for detail.

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Friends, even for a healthy person, it is safe to take multivitamins everyday to keep his/her sound health rather vitamins quantity must lie within RDA (Recommended dietary allowances) range.

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Vitamin D

Nutrients Definition and Powerful Benefits of Nutrients in The World

Nutrients are the fuel of your body. These can be taken only from outside through food. Do you know the powerful benefits of nutrients and Why do you need nutrients for your body? In fact, nutrients definition with their types and roles, must be clear in your mind for living with healthy food and happy lifestyle.

Nutrients and their powerful benefits

Hence, there may be lot of questions in your mind about facts of nutrients, nutrients definition and their functions in your body. But those doubts will be cleared here. Now, it depends on you whether you check given below information deeply or just on surface.

So, let starts from basics of nutrients definition.

Nutrients Definition

Nutrients are: The chemical substances present in the food. Although, these chemical substances must be supplied to the body of an organism in proper amount for its growth, repairing, maintenance and reproduction activities.

Nutrients provide body nourishment. These are essential for maintenance of life and growth. Also, different type of nutrients perform specific function in your body and required in different amounts.

Please keep in mind that nutrient is a source of nourishment such as food, that can be metabolized by an organism for giving energy and building tissues. While, nutrition is the organic process by which an organism assimilates food.

Different types of organism have different essential nutrients. Nutrients are categorized as Organic and Inorganic. Plants nutritional requirement varies as compared with animals because plants synthesize many of nutrients itself. Although, total no. of 17 nutrients are required by plants. But out of these nutrients, 9 nos. of nutrients (nitrogen (N), phosphorus(P), potassium(K), calcium(Ca), sulfur(S), magnesium(Mg), carbon (C), oxygen(O) and hydrogen(H)) are macro-nutrients and 8 nos. of nutrients (iron (Fe), boron (B), chlorine (Cl), manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), molybdenum (Mo) and nickel (Ni)) are micro-nutrients.

Broad classification of nutrients

Organic nutrients

Include carbon containing compounds.

Inorganic nutrients

Include non-carbon containing compounds.

for example iron, selenium, zinc containing compounds.


Classification of nutrients as per functions

Energy giving nutrients

Major nutrients responsible for providing energy are carbohydrates and fats. These help in providing energy for doing daily routine activities.

Body building nutrients

Major nutrient that is responsible for body building is protein. It helps in growing body by formation of new tissues.

Protective nutrients

Major nutrients those are responsible for performing defence mechanism of our body are vitamins and minerals. These nutrients help in protecting our body from infections by building immune system.

Regulatory nutrients

Major nutrients are vitamins, minerals and water. These helps in maintaining regulatory function of body like fluid balance, body temperature etc.


Nutrients classification as per describing nutritional requirement of organisms

A. Macro nutrients definition & function

Nutrients consumed in large amounts (grams or ounces).

  • Includes chemical compounds i.e. Carbohydrates, Fat, Protein and Water.
  • Includes chemical elements i.e. CHNOPS (Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorus, Sulphur). These 6 elemental nutrients are macronutrients for all organisms.
  • Used to provide energy for growth and maintenance of an organism.
  • Play role in giving energy and body building of an organism.

Carbohydrate

  • Carbohydrates are compounds made up of types of sugars. They are classified as monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides & polysaccharides.

Protein

  • Proteins are organic compounds consist of amino acids which are joined by peptide bonds. Through digestion, proteins broken down back into amino acids with the help of proteases.

Fat

  • Fats are glycerin molecules with fatty acids. Fatty acids are molecules with -COOH group attached to unbranched hydrocarbon chains.
  • Energy content: Fat(9kcal/gm), Protein(4kcal/gm) & Carbs(4kcal/gm).

Plant nutrient

Plant nutrient

Plant nutrient

Micro-nutrient

B. Micro nutrients definition & function

Nutrients consumed in small amounts (milligrams or micrograms).

  • Includes Vitamins and Minerals.
  • Biochemical and physiological functions in cellular processes, like vascular functions and nerve conduction.
  • Play role in protection of an organism from foreign particles e.g. bacteria, viruses etc.
  • Minerals are trace elements and essential for metabolic activities.
  • Vitamins are organic compounds essential for our body and act as a co-factors or co-enzymes for various proteins in our body, metabolic regulators or antioxidants.
  • Vitamin deficiency lead to diseases but Minerals deficiency can cause even death because minerals have vital role in functioning of organ system e.g. lack of hemoglobin due to iron deficiency, heart attack due to calcium deficiency etc.

Essential nutrients: Definition & Function

Nutrients required for normal physiological or biochemical operations in an organism which are not synthesized in the body either completely or in sufficient quantity.

  • Must be taken from dietary sources.
  • Relevant for various metabolic activities.
  • Detail of essential nutrients : 9 amino acids (phenylalanine, valine, threonine, tryptophan, methionine, leucine, isoleucine, lysine, and histidine). 2 fatty acids (alpha-linolenic acid (an omega-3 fatty acid) and linoleic acid (an omega-6 fatty acid)). 13 vitamins (vitamins A, C, D, E(tocopherols and tocotrienols), K, thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), pantothenic acid (B5), pyridoxine (B6), biotin (B7), folate (B9), and cobalamin (B12). 15 minerals (potassium, chloride, sodium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc, manganese, copper, iodine, chromium, molybdenum, selenium and cobalt (component of vitamin B12).
  • Need to take additionally from dietary supplements for optimum health.

Non-essential nutrients: Definition & Function

Substances within foods that can have a significant impact on health and found abundantly in body and resources. Also available in sufficient amount for body functions.

  • Can be synthesized in our body.
  • Need not to take additionally from dietary supplements.

Phyto-nutrients: Definition & Function

Means plant based nutrients. These are phytochemicals those include all nutritional and non-nutritional components of plants e.g. polyphenols, flavonoids, resveratrol, and lignans.

Phyto-nutrients are plant based compounds which are rich in antioxidants and are key ingredients to help neutralize free radical damages.

Combination of vitamins and minerals with phyto-nutrients induces high potential effect of nutrients for empowering immune system of an organism.
  • They have strong antioxidant effects. We observe that plants have long and effective life span.
  • Found in plant colors and peels.
  • Phytochemicals are still under researches for knowing their potentials on human health.

“Nutrients are lifeline of our successful healthy lifestyle”

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Nutrients meaning in Hindi

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Amazing Facts on Nutrition For Healthy Food And Healthy Life

In today’s world, everybody is talking about the facts of nutrition and malnutrition. In fact, nutritional information plays an important role in your daily routine activities for getting healthy food and healthy life. But the point is that, how much aware you are, about the values of nutrition and malnutrition in your lifestyle. So, probably, you will be willing to learn and feel the facts of healthy lifestyle.

Hence, it is our pleasure that we are explaining the same for you with simplicity. Importantly, you can understand the importance of nutrition for getting healthy food and healthy life. So, you can learn and implement the importance of nutrition in your life so that to have better and healthy living.

What do you mean by nutrition and how does it help you for getting healthy food and healthy life ?

Nutrition is

The science of body nourishment.

We can say that it is a branch of science that explains the role of nutrients and other substances of food.

In other words, this branch of science deals with the food substances in relation to repairing & maintenance, growth & development, reproduction and health & disease of an organism for making healthy life.

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So, you can say that the nutrition is a science of food, nutrients and other substances. Their action, their interaction and balance in relation to health and diseases also plays a vital role.

Healthy food and healthy life

Antoine Lavoisier (French chemist), is known as Father of Nutrition & Chemistry”. In 1770, he discovered the concept of metabolism. Most importantly, metabolism is the transfer of food and oxygen into heat & water in the body and consequently it creates energy. So, the metabolism signifies the role and process of different reactions in the body.

Nutrition plays a significant role in your healthy food and healthy life, even before your birth. Although we may not always be aware of it but it continues to affect us in major ways till we die. So, it is a really amazing topic to check out with patience.

Types of nutrition: Healthy Food and Healthy Life

Autotrophic Nutrition

In this type of nutrition, an organism synthesizes high energy organic molecule(food) from low energy inorganic molecules. Although, the low energy molecules are available in nearby surroundings like carbon from CO2, nitrogen from nitrates etc.. So, autotrophic organisms are dependent on themselves.

For example, green plants.

Symbiotic Nutrition

In this type of nutrition, two organisms live in mutual association and derive nutrition from each other. So, they are interdependent to each other.

For example, E.coli lives in intestine of man & synthesizes B12 and in return E.coli gets energy from intestine of man.

Heterotrophic Nutrition

In this type of nutrition, an organism obtains food by feeding on other organisms. But this type of nutrition is further categorized as follows –

  • Holozoic Nutrition: An organism engulf complete food into the body, digests it and then absorbs nutrients through digested food. For example, human beings (herbivores, carnivores and omnivores).
  • Saprotrophic Nutrition: In this type, an organism digests food outside the body through digestive enzymes and then absorbs nutrients. For example, some bacteria, spider, housefly etc.
  • Parasitic Nutrition: In this category, an organism derives food from other living organism by living on or inside the body of organism (called as host). But host may or may not be affected by this relationship. For example, some bacteria, tapeworm, roundworm etc.

In addition, Nutrition is the science that includes processes, by which an animal or plant takes in and utilizes food substances.

Nutrition involves following processes

  1. Firstly, Ingestion of food.
  2. Secondly, Digestion of large particles of food into small particles within GI tract.
  3. Thirdly, Absorption of nutrients in small intestine.
  4. Fourthly, Transportation of nutrients through blood stream.
  5. Fifthly, Utilization of nutrients within cells and
  6. Sixth, Excretion of waste product.

Factors affecting the nutrition of an organism

  1. Social compulsions of food and eating habits.
  2. Cultural implications of food and eating habits.
  3. Economical problems of food and eating habits and
  4. Psychological issues of food and eating habits.

Feeling good about yourself and taking care of your health are important for your self-esteem and self-image. So, always try to maintain healthy lifestyle by doing things positively.

Good nutrition is an important part of a healthy food and healthy lifestyle. Therefore, along with physical activity, positive attitude and adequate rest, good food/nutrition helps you to reach an optimal health. This complete balance helps in maintaining a healthy weight, reduced risk of chronic diseases and promotes overall good health.

Healthy food is the key of healthy nutrition. Therefore, you need to take good nutrition through healthy food for keeping yourself healthy. Essential nutrients like protein, carbohydrate, fat, vitamin, mineral and water, are utmost requirement of an organism to live healthy life. Because these nutrients gives energy and protection for growth, maintenance and repairing of body cells.

In current situation, healthy food means to have organic and pure food that contains all essential nutrients in its pure, potent and safe form. Because of so much adulteration and environmental bad conditions around you, your life has been hassled. So, you need to fulfill your daily requirement of all nutrients for getting healthy life. Healthy food helps in maintaining full tank of your body nutrition so that life could be easy and enjoyable.

Insufficient amount of essential nutrients in the body leads to degenerative disorders due to lack of proper nourishment.

Therefore, Inadequate amount of nutrition or improper nutritional status of an organism leads to malnutrition.

What do you mean by malnutrition and how does it effect our healthy food and healthy life ?

Malnutrition

It refers to impairment or loss of https://healthmakesyou.com/">healthhealth. As a fact, malnutrition results from deficiencies, excesses or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and or nutrients.

Hence, lack of essential nutrients in the body is known as malnutrition. Also, we can say that insufficient amount of nutrients in the body is a kind of malnutrition.

Causes

Malnutrition includes poor diet, poor digestive conditions or any other disease. In fact, there are several factors, effecting malnutrition of an individual. It may be social, physical or financial.

Symptoms are as follows

  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Weight loss and
  • Loss in concentration power

Untreated malnutrition can cause physical or mental disabilities.

There are 2 broad groups of malnutrition

Under nutrition

  • Under nutrition: Nutrition in the body of an individual is less than recommended dietary allowance (RDA)
    • Deficiency of calories- It includes underweight (low weight for age), stunting (low height for age) and wasting (low weight for height).
    • Deficit amount of vitamins & minerals- micro nutrients related malnutrition: Includes micro nutrients deficiencies such as anemia, rickets, pellagra, night blindness, scurvy etc. as well as excesses such as toxicity due to vitamin A.

Over nutrition

  • Over nutrition: Nutrition in the body of an individual is in excess amount than the standard range of recommended dietary allowances (RDA).
    • Overweight, obesity and diet related non communicable diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, cancers etc.

Malnutrition affects people in every country. So, you need to be aware yourself about it. Also try to awake others and always intake nutritious food for enhancing nutritional status of your body & for enjoying your healthy lifestyle.

I think you have known to so much valuable information about healthy nutrition. Here, you have learnt the facts of nutrition and malnutrition. Now, you can implement the same & take care of yourself and your family with the feeling of wellness.

“To eat is a necessity, but to eat intelligently is an art”

– La Rochefoucauld (French author)

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