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Best Proteins Are Made up of a Chain of Acid Molecules : Health Jaagran

In our society, the concept of protein is treated as an invaluable subject among people. While in many surveys, it is estimated that more than 80 percent of population in country is protein deficient. Now, point is that why protein is so much important for us and by which substance proteins are made up of?

Protein Definition

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Protein is a macro molecule or macro nutrient, that helps in growth, development, maintenance and repairing of body cells.

Significantly, it is known as a body building unit of our body. We can say it as a smallest unit of life. Although, it can be resembled like a single brick of a mansion. Here, protein is a brick and the mansion represents our body.

Therefore, protein is a building block of the human body. It is constituent of all living cells like muscles, bones, cartilage, skin and any other body parts or fluid.

Protein Classification or Protein Types

There are 3 types of proteins:

  • Globular
  • Fibrous
  • Membrane

Proteins Are Made up of

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Proteins are made up of a chain of amino acids. 20 types of amino acids help in making proteins. Out of which, 11 are non-essential and 9 are essential.

Proteins are vital to any living organism. They are the important component of muscle and other tissues. Protein provides essential amino acids and which are important for body metabolism, growth and development of the body. Protein is required for people from all aspects of lifestyle and life stages. Our body constantly uses up protein and does not store it. Therefore, it needs to be replenished every day.

Below the most common 20 amino acids in proteins are listed with their three-letter and one-letter codes:


Charged (side chains often form salt bridges):

  • Arginine – Arg – R
  • Lysine – Lys – K
  • Aspartic acid – Asp – D
  • Glutamic acid – Glu – E



Polar (form hydrogen bonds as proton donors or acceptors):

  • Glutamine – Gln – Q
  • Asparagine – Asn – N
  • Histidine – His – H
  • Serine – Ser – S
  • Threonine – Thr – T
  • Tyrosine – Tyr – Y
  • Cysteine – Cys – C

Amphipathic (often found at the surface of proteins or lipid membranes, sometimes also classified as polar):

  • Tryptophan – Trp – W
  • Tyrosine – Tyr – Y
  • Methionine – Met – M

Hydrophobic (normally buried inside the protein core):

  • Alanine – Ala – A
  • Isoleucine – Ile – I
  • Leucine – Leu – L
  • Methionine – Met – M
  • Phenylalanine – Phe – F
  • Valine – Val – V
  • Proline – Pro – P
  • Glycine – Gly – G

Protein Structure and Formation

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In our body, everything is made up of protein. Body cells, tissues, enzymes, hormones, secretion and even saliva is made up of protein molecules.

There are 20 different types of amino acids in our body.

Out of these 20 amino acids, 11 are non-essential amino acids means that these 11 can be synthesized in our body and we need not to take them from outside i.e. food and remaining 9 amino acids are known as essential amino acids because they can’t be synthesized in our body and we have to take them from outside i.e. food, for keeping ourself healthy.

Protein Function and Need

Different types of protein molecules are formed as per different combination of these 20 amino acids. Particular combination signifies such special function of protein in our body. As we know that enzymes, hormones etc. are a type of protein. So, these proteins are made up of different combination of amino acids for performing specific function of our body part.

An organism uses protein to build, repair, grow and maintain body cells and tissues. It helps to sustain healthy and strong body.

It provides essential amino acids required for healthy metabolism, growth and development.

Our body constantly consumes protein but does not store excess protein. Hence, daily intake of protein is necessary to ensure that our body gets the recommended amount of protein it needs.

  • Protein helps in maintaining body temperature.
  • Promotes body growth and maintenance.
  • It supports body fluid balance.
  • Helps in maintaining cholesterol level.
  • It supports skin and hair health.
  • Supports joint health.
  • Helps in weight management.
  • It acts as a messenger, hormones.

As per ICMR and WHO, a healthy adult needs approx. 1 gm protein/ kg of body weight every day. So, an adult of 60 kg would need approx. 60 gm of protein every day. Due to hectic lifestyle and poor eating habits, many of us may be lacking the required protein in our everyday diet.

As per ICMR, for 1 kg body weight, 1 gm of protein is essential.

For 50 kg body weight 50 gm of protein is required daily.

For children 1.5 gm protein per kg weight and for pregnant women, 1.75 gm protein per kg weight is required daily.

Protein Deficiency Disease

  • Kwashiorkor
  • Marasmus
  • Impaired mental health
  • Wasting and shrinkage of muscle tissues
  • Weak immune system
  • Hair fall
  • Skin problems
  • Oedema
  • Fatal death

Protein Sources or Protein Food List

We can get protein from food items like milk, eggs, cottage cheese (paneer), curd, pulses, fish, dried fruits, meat and poultry.

Protein in Chana

19 gm protein per 100 gm of black chickpea

Protein Content in Egg

13 gm protein per 100 gm of boiled egg

Protein Content in Milk

3.4 gm protein per 100 gm of milk (1% fat)

Protein in Paneer

14 gm protein per 100 gm of paneer

Protein in Banana

1.1 gm protein per 100 gm of bananas

Protein in Moong Dal

24 gm protein per 100 gm of moong beans

Protein Content in Chicken

27 gm protein per 100 gm of chicken

Protein Supplement

NUTRILITE All Plant Protein Powder Supplement, is a tri-blend of Soy protein, Wheat protein & Yellow Pea protein. It gives the tri-benefits of 80% protein that is 100% plant sourced. Also, this branded protein provides all 9 essential amino acids and is lactose free & easy to digest.

Along with regular diet, Nutrilite all plant protein powder can help in filling the gap of protein in everyday diet.

Nutrilite protein provides all of the 9 essential amino acids. The formulation offers the added benefits of naturally occurring soy isoflavones, calcium and iron. Every day, many new cells are being produced and old cells are destroyed in the body. All cells are made of proteins. The body requires 22 different amino acids, out of which 9 are essential amino acids.

Prevention is better than cure. So be alert and be aware of the importance of protein for enjoying a healthy life.

-healthjaagran

We are concluding with the hope that you would be firm about the concept of protein and respectively health in your life. Above, you might have understood the basic definition of protein and the ways in which you can maintain and sustain your good health for a better lifestyle.

Know about the health tips in Hindi (Post, Video)

Please keep in touch for sharing more knowledge.


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Powerful Fats Meaning in Hindi – Feature, Type, RDA & Benefits: Podcast

Learn and get the complete information about fats meaning in Hindi language. Here is a Hindi podcast audio for you to know deep about healthy fats. So, check and enjoy the audio.

Fats definition, types, benefits and meaning in HINDI

Fats are the macro-compounds which are made up of glycerol and fatty acids. Listen the audio for more details.

Fats, its types, features, RDA and benefits (HINDI): Health Jaagran

Normally, we think that fats are not good for our health. In fact, we have partial knowledge of the facts. Actually, there must be a balanced form of fats constituents in our body for having sound health. There is a lack of knowledge, so we need to understand basic things about the role of fats in our healthy life.

Prevention is always better than cure. So we need to be alert, be aware of health aspects and make a healthy balance in-between fatty acids so that to prevent yourself for enjoying a healthy lifestyle.


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Mineral and Energy Resources for Our Healthy Life: Trace Minerals

What is micro-nutrient definition, types and its importance. Be aware about vitamins and minerals, mineral and energy resources, their categories and salient features.

Also, here you are going to know about the functions, sources, RDA, deficiencies and excess toxicity effects of some minerals. Those minerals are iron, zinc, iodine, selenium, manganese, copper and fluorine.

Micro-nutrients (Micro means very small)

Nutrients which are required in very much smaller qualities as compared to macro-nutrients in the body of an organism.

Types of micro-nutrients

  1. Vitamins (organic compounds): Water-soluble & Fat-soluble vitamins.
  2. Minerals (inorganic compounds): Macro-minerals & Trace minerals.

A). VITAMINS

Vitamins are micro organic compounds. These are made up by plants and animals, which can be broken down by heat, acid or air.

Categorized into two types: i). Water-soluble & ii). Fat-soluble vitamins.

i). Water-soluble vitamins (Vitamin-B group & C)

ii). Fat-soluble vitamins (Vitamin A, D, E, K)

B). MINERALS

Minerals are inorganic compounds present in soil or water and cannot be broken down.

Categorized into two types: i). Major or Macro-minerals & ii). Trace minerals.

i). Major or Macro-minerals

ii). Trace minerals

Minerals which are required in smaller quantity (mcg, µg or mg) than macro minerals.

Salient features of trace minerals
Iron
  • Iron: (RDA= 17 – 20 mg/day)
    • The amount of iron in our body is too less i.e. only appx 5 gm. But it plays very crucial functions in our body.
    • This is a component of Hemoglobin in the blood.
    • Iron absorption is enhanced with acidic environment.
    • Iron must be consumed in accompany with lemonade or salty chhach or fresh juice.
    • Excessive dietary fiber & consumption of tea or coffee (in any form just after meal) can hamper the absorption of iron.
    • Functions:
      • It helps in oxygen transportation from lungs to various organs and carbon dioxide from the organs to the lungs.
      • Helps in making some hormones.
      • It is present in the muscles in the form of Myoglobin for the storage and use of oxygen.
      • It helps in the formation of ATP for energy utilization in the cells.
      • Supports in detoxification of liver from residue of drugs.
      • It helps in strengthening of immune system.
      • It has a role of co-factor for many enzymes.
      • Plays a role in formation of the neurotransmitters.
    • Sources:
      • Fish, Meat, Egg, Lotus, Spinach, Mustard leaves, Mint leaves, Potato and Onion. Also in Bathua, Banana, Dates, Sesame seed, Coconut, Almond, Apricots, Walnut, Whole grain, Bajra, Pea, Gram etc.
    • Deficiencies:
      • Anaemia, which affects optimal growth, stamina, academic performance, physical activity etc.
    • Excess:
      • It is uncommon. But excessive consumption can lead to liver damage, heart diseases and gastro-intestinal disorders.
Manganese
  • Manganese: (RDA= 4 mg/day)
    • It plays vital role in bone formation, blood clotting and reducing inflammation.
    • It is stored in liver, brain, kidney, pancreas and bones.
    • Functions:
      • Helps in metabolism of carbohydrates, amino acids and cholesterol.
      • It supports bone health and reduce blood sugar.
      • Helps in healing wounds.
      • It helps in forming antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase (SOD) so that to help in building immune system.
    • Sources:
      • Pine apple, Beans, Sweat potato, Spinach, Green and black teas. Also found in Brown rice, Whole wheat bread, Almonds etc.
    • Deficiencies:
      • Growth retardation.
      • Reduced glucose tolerance.
      • Skeletal or bone abnormalities.
      • Infertility.
    • Excess:
      • Respiratory diseases like acute bronchitis.
      • Muscle spasms in face.
      • Tremors and irritability.
      • Hallucinations.
Copper
  • Copper: (RDA= 900 mcg/day or 1.7 mg/day)
    • It plays a vital role in making RBCs, nerve cells and immunity.
    • It is stored in liver.
    • Most of copper found in liver, kidney, brain, heart and skeletal muscles.
    • Functions:
      • Helps in formation of connective tissues and nervous system functioning (neuron signaling).
      • It helps in absorption of iron and energy production.
      • Helps in cardiovascular functions.
      • It helps in improving immune system and reducing free radicals.
    • Sources:
      • Whole grains, Potato, Beans, Yeast, Green leafy food, Cocoa, Black pepper, Meat etc.
    • Deficiencies:
      • Causes cardiovascular diseases and thyroid problems.
      • Menkes disease/ syndrome (genetic defects, growth failure & nervous deterioration)
      • High risk of osteoporosis.
      • Poor immunity.
      • Deficiency may be cause of high intake of Vit.C and zinc.
    • Excess:
      • Nausea
      • Stomach pain
      • Headache
      • Diarrhea
      • Vomiting
      • Dizziness
      • Heart problems, RBCs abnormalities and Jaundice.
Zinc
  • Zinc: (RDA= 10 – 12 mg/day)
    • It is a component of more than 300 enzymes.
    • Zinc is involved in synthesis and degradation of macro and micro nutrients.
    • It is known for reducing severity & frequency of diarrhea. Also acts for improving symptoms of pneumonia, respiratory infections & cold.
    • Functions:
      • Helps in synthesis of genetic expression.
      • Helps in building immune system and wound healing.
      • It is a part of antioxidant mechanism of our body.
      • Helps in metabolism of protein.
      • Supports in storage, production and release of insulin.
      • Helps in structure formation and functioning of cell membranes.
      • Helps in synthesis of the active form of Vit. A for visual pigments.
    • Sources:
      • Whole grain, Wheat, Gram, Soybeans, Pumpkin seed and Watermelon. Also from Sunflower seed, Milk, Chicken, Fish, Egg, Spinach, Mustard, Bathua, Potato, Banana, Orange etc.
    • Deficiencies:
      • Retardation in growth and maturation
      • Poor immunity
      • Diarrhea
      • Hair loss
      • Reduced appetite
      • Delayed wound healing
    • Excess:
      • Causes copper deficiency and lead to:
        • Vomiting
        • Diarrhea
        • Nausea
        • Cramps
        • Weak immune functions
Iodine
  • Iodine: (RDA= 150 mcg)
    • It is a constituent of the thyroid hormone T4(Thyroxine) and T3(Triiodothyronine). These hormones are critically required for metabolic activities.
    • Functions:
      • Helps in thyroid regulations.
      • It helps in growth, development and functioning of brain.
      • Regulates the speed of oxidation within cells and tissues.
      • It plays important role in metabolism of all nutrients, especially energy.
      • Development of muscle and nervous tissues.
      • Maintain circulatory system.
    • Sources:
      • Iodized salt, Sea salt, Salt water fishes, Sea vegetables, Potato, Spinach, Broccoli, Soybean, Almonds, Oats etc.
    • Deficiencies:
      • Goitre – Enlargement of thyroid gland due to iodine deficiency.
      • Cretinism – Incomplete physical development & mental retardness in infants and young children.
      • Hypothyroidism.
    • Excess:
      • Hyperthyroidism
      • Thyroid cancer
      • Auto-immune thyroid disease
Fluoride or Fluorine
  • Fluoride or Fluorine: (RDA= 1.5 – 2.0 mg/day)
    • It fights bacteria of mouth for the maintenance and safety of teeth.
    • Functions:
      • Helps in bone and teeth health
      • It helps to make the tooth enamel more resistant to the action of acids. These acids are produced by the bacteria present in the mouth.
    • Sources:
      • Fluorinated water, Sea foods, Salt water fishes, Tea and Foods growing in fluorine rich soil (through water, fertilizers etc.).
    • Excess:
      • Dental fluorosis
      • Skeletal fluorosis (stiffness of spine, arthritis, paralysis etc.)
      • Knock knee syndrome.
Selenium
  • Selenium: (RDA= 40 - 55 mcg/day)
    • It is important for cognitive function, immune system and fertility in both men and women.
    • Functions:
      • Helps in reducing the risk of miscarriage.
      • It protects against asthma.
      • Helps in cardiovascular functions.
      • Helps in thyroid regulation and reproduction health. Also, helps in prevention from free radicals.
      • It prevents  HIV from progressing to AIDS.
  • Sources:
    • Egg, Brown rice, Fish, Brazil nuts, Sea food, Meats etc.
    • Deficiencies:
      • Fatigue
      • Poor immunity
      • Brain fog
      • Infertility
    • Excess:
      • A garlic-like smell on the breath and a metallic taste in the mouth.
      • Brittle nails and mottled or decaying teeth.
      • Gastrointestinal problems such as nausea.
      • Neurological abnormalities
      • Fatigue and irritability
      • Skins lesions and rashes
      • Hair loss

Minerals are vital as compared to Vitamins. Lack of vitamins causes diseases but lack of minerals may cause even death.

-healthjaagran

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Nutrients Meaning in Hindi : Healthy Nutrition, पोषक तत्व (न्यूट्रिएंट्स)

Here, we are going to explain the nutrients meaning in Hindi language. You would be enjoy the article. So, keep learning with patience. It would be helpful to every common countryman of India.

पोषक तत्व (Nutrients meaning in Hindi) क्या है ?

भोजन से प्राप्त होने वाले वो रसायनिक पदार्थ (केमिकल सब्सटेंस), जो किसी भी जीव के शरीर के विकास, मरम्मत, रखरखाव और प्रजनन(रिप्रोडक्शन) प्रक्रियाओं के लिए अनिवार्य होते हैं, उन्हें पोषक तत्व कहा जाता है।

पोषक तत्व शरीर को पोषण प्रदान करते हैं और शरीर के विकास और रखरखाव के लिए अति आवश्यक है। पोषक तत्वों के हमारे शरीर में विशिष्ट कार्य हैं और उनके कार्य के अनुसार ही उनकी भिन्न-भिन्न मात्राएं हमारे शरीर को चाहिए होती है।

कृपया ध्यान में रखें कि पोषक तत्व(न्यूट्रिएंट्स) हमारे शरीर के पोषण का स्रोत हैं, जैसे भोजन, जो जीव द्वारा ऊर्जा में परिवर्तित किया जाता है। जबकि पोषण विज्ञान(न्यूट्रीशन) एक जैविक क्रिया है, जिसके अंतर्गत भोजन का पाचन करके अवशेष पदार्थो को शरीर से निष्कासित किया जाता है।

अलग-अलग प्रकार के जीवों की, आवश्यक पोषक तत्वों की जरूरतें अलग-अलग होती हैं।

बड़े पैमाने पर देखा जाए तो पोषक तत्वों को दो वर्गों में बांटा गया है।

पहला, जैविक या अकार्बनिक (ऑर्गेनिक)

दूसरा, अजैविक या अकार्बनिक (इनऑर्गेनिक)

जैविक(ऑर्गेनिक) पोषक तत्वों में ऐसे योगिक(कंपाउंड्स) सम्मिलित होते हैं जिनमें कार्बन शामिल होता है।

अजैविक(इनऑर्गेनिक) पोषक तत्वों में ऐसे योगिक(कंपाउंड्स) सम्मिलित होते हैं जिनमें कार्बन शामिल नहीं होता है।

जानवरों की तुलना में पेड़-पौधों के पोषक तत्वों की जरूरतें बदलती रहती हैं और अलग भी होती हैं, क्योंकि पेड़ पौधे बहुत से पोषक तत्वों को खुद ही निर्मित करते रहते हैं। पेड़ पौधों को लगभग 17 पोषक तत्वों(न्यूट्रिएंट्स) की जरूरत होती है जिनमें से 9 मैक्रोन्यूट्रिएंट्स हैं (nitrogen (N), phosphorus(P), potassium(K), calcium(Ca), sulfur(S), magnesium(Mg), carbon (C), oxygen(O) and hydrogen(H)) और 8 माइक्रोन्यूट्रिएंट्स होते हैं (iron (Fe), boron (B), chlorine (Cl), manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), molybdenum (Mo) and nickel (Ni)).


किसी भी जीव के पोषक तत्वों की आवश्यकता के आधार पर पोषक तत्वों को दो वर्गों में बांटा गया है

मैक्रोन्यूट्रिएंट्स(Macro-nutrients)

पहला, मैक्रोन्यूट्रिएंट्स: इस वर्ग के अंतर्गत वे पोषक तत्व आते हैं, जो जीवों को अधिक मात्रा में चाहिए होते हैं (ग्राम्स या ओंस )

  • इसके अंतर्गत रासायनिक पदार्थ जैसे- कार्बोहाइड्रेट, प्रोटीन, फैट और पानी आते हैं।
  • इसके अंतर्गत रासायनिक तत्व जैसे कार्बन, हाइड्रोजन, ऑक्सीजन, नाइट्रोजन, सल्फर और फास्फोरस आते हैं। यह 6 रासायनिक तत्व सभी जीवों के लिए मैक्रोन्यूट्रिएंट्स हैं।
  • माइक्रोन्यूट्रिएंट्स जीवो को विकास और रखरखाव के लिए ऊर्जा प्रदान करते हैं
  • जीवों के शारीरिक निर्माण में अहम भूमिका निभाते हैं।
  • कार्बोहाइड्रेट ऐसे पदार्थ हैं जो अलग-अलग प्रकार के शुगर से मिलकर बनते हैं। कार्बोहाइड्रेट को चार प्रकारों में वर्गीकृत किया गया है पहला, मोनोसैकेराइड्स दूसरा,डाईसैकेराइड्स तीसरा, ओलिगोसैकेराइड्स और चौथा पॉलिसैकेराइड्स।
  • प्रोटीन जैविक पदार्थ हैं, जो अमीनो एसिड्स से मिलकर बने हुए होते हैं और अलग-अलग प्रकार के अमीनो एसिड्स आपस में पेप्टाइड बॉन्ड से जुड़े हुए होते हैं। प्रोटीन भोजन के रूप में लिया जाता है और शरीर में पाचन क्रिया के दौरान प्रोटीएज नामक एंजाइम की सहायता से दोबारा अमीनो एसिड्स में तोड़ा जाता है ताकि अमीनो एसिड्स की अलग-अलग संरचनायें शरीर के विभिन्न हिस्सों में कार्य अनुसार प्रतिक्रिया में सहायक बने।
  • फैट्स या वसा, ग्लिसरीन और फैटी एसिड का मिलाजुला योगिक है, जिसमें कोलेस्ट्रॉल, ट्राइग्लिसराइड, एचडीएल, एलडीएल, वीएलडीएल आदि का भी योगदान रहता है।
    • ऊर्जा प्राप्ति: फैट्स (9 किलो कैलोरी पर ग्राम), प्रोटीन (4 किलो कैलोरी पर ग्राम), कार्बोहाइड्रेट्स (4 किलो कैलोरी पर ग्राम)। शरीर के कार्यों को करने के लिए जिस ऊर्जा की आवश्यकता शरीर को होती है वह ऊर्जा सबसे पहले कार्बोहाइड्रेट्स से, फिर फैक्ट्स से और अंत में प्रोटीन से ली जाता है।

माइक्रोन्यूट्रिएंट्स(Micro-nutrients)

दूसरा, माइक्रोन्यूट्रिएंट्स: इस वर्ग के अंतर्गत वे पोषक तत्व आते हैं, जो जीवों द्वारा मैक्रोन्यूट्रिएंट्स की तुलना में कम मात्रा में चाहिए होते हैं (मिलीग्राम या माइक्रोग्राम )

  • इस वर्ग में विटामिन और मिनरल सम्मिलित हैं।
  • कोशिकाओं के जैव-रासायनिक और शारीरिक कार्यों के लिए अनिवार्य हैं।
  • शरीर को बैक्टीरिया, वायरस आदि से बचाने में अहम भूमिका निभाते हैं।
  • मिनरल्स एसे तत्व हैं, जो चयापचय(मेटाबोलिक) क्रियाओं के लिए अति आवश्यक होते हैं।
  • विटामिंस एसे जैविक पदार्थ हैं, जो हमारे शरीर के लिए अति आवश्यक हैं और भिन्न भिन्न प्रकार के प्रोटींस के लिए को-फैक्टर या को-एंजाइम की तरह काम करते हैं तथा मेटाबोलिक नियंत्रक और एंटीऑक्सीडेंट्स की भूमिका भी निभाते हैं।
  • विटामिन्स की कमी से बीमारी होती है। लेकिन मिनरल्स की कमी से मौत भी हो सकती है, क्योंकि हमारे अंग प्रणाली में, मिनरल्स के बहुत ही अहम् कार्य होते हैं, जैसे- आयरन की कमी से शरीर में हिमोग्लोबिन का कम होना, कैल्शियम की कमी से हार्ट अटैक होने की संभावना आदि।

आवश्यक पोषक तत्व(एसेंशियल न्यूट्रिएंट्स)

ऐसे पोषक तत्व जो किसी जीव द्वारा उसकी शारीरिक और जैव रासायनिक क्रियाओं के लिए आवश्यक होते हैं। लेकिन उन पोषक तत्वों का जीव के शरीर में या तो अभाव होता है या फिर जीव के शरीर में बनते ही नहीं है। साधारण भाषा में हम यह कह सकते हैं कि जीव को उन पोषक तत्व को भोजन के रूप में बाहर से लेना होता है।

  • भोजन से ही लेना होता है।
  • मेटाबोलिक क्रियाओं के लिए अति आवश्यक पोषक तत्व होते हैं।
  • आवश्यक पोषक तत्वों की सूची: 9 अमीनो एसिड्स (phenylalanine, valine, threonine, tryptophan, methionine, leucine, isoleucine, lysine, and histidine), 2 फैटी एसिड्स (alpha-linolenic acid (an omega-3 fatty acid) and linoleic acid (an omega-6 fatty acid)), 13 विटामिंस (vitamins A, C, D, E(tocopherols and tocotrienols), K, thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), pantothenic acid (B5), pyridoxine (B6), biotin (B7), folate (B9), and cobalamin (B12), 15 मिनरल्स (potassium, chloride, sodium, calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron, zinc, manganese, copper, iodine, chromium, molybdenum, selenium and cobalt (component of vitamin B12).
  • उत्तम स्वास्थ्य प्राप्त करने के लिए, हमें इन पोषक तत्वों को अच्छे भोजन के साथ साथ खाद्य सप्लीमेंट्स के रूप में भी अलग से लेना होता है।

अनावश्यक या गैर जरूरी पोषक तत्व

ऐसे पोषक तत्व जो किसी भी जीव के शारीरिक और जैव रासायनिक क्रियाओं के लिए आवश्यक होते हैं। लेकिन उन्हें बाहर से लेने की आवश्यकता नहीं होती है, क्योंकि वे पोषक तत्व जीव के शरीर में स्वतः ही निर्मित होते रहते हैं एवं बाहरी स्रोत या शरीर में उनकी उचित मात्रा उपलब्ध होती है।

  • शरीर में खुद ही बनते रहते हैं।
  • खाद्य सप्लीमेंट्स के रूप में लेने की आवश्यकता नहीं है।

फाइटोन्यूट्रिएंट्स या प्लांट न्यूट्रिएंट्स

पेड़ पौधों से प्राप्त होने वाले मुख्य पोषक तत्वों को फाइटोन्यूट्रिएंट्स या प्लांट बेस्ड न्यूट्रिएंट्स कहा जाता है। ये पोषक तत्व पौधों से प्राप्त होने वाले रासायनिक तत्वों के रूप में जाने जाते हैं जिनमें पौधों से प्राप्त होने वाले पोषक और ग़ैर-पोषक तत्व दोनों ही सम्मिलित होते हैं। जैसे पॉलिफिनॉल्स, फ्लेवोनॉयड्स, रेसवेराट्रॉल और लिगनेंस आदि।

Phyto-nutrients are plant based compounds which are rich in antioxidants and are key ingredients to help neutralize free radical damages.

Combination of vitamins and minerals with phyto-nutrients induces high potential effect of nutrients for empowering immune system of an organism.
  • इनमें शक्तिशाली एंटीऑक्सीडेंट प्रभाव होते हैं। हम देखते हैं कि पेड़ पौधों का जीवन लंबा और शानदार होता है।
  • ये पोषक तत्व पेड़-पौधों के रंग और छिलके से प्राप्त होते हैं।
  • अभी भी इन तत्वों की खोजबीन जारी है कि, ये जीवों के स्वास्थ्य को बेहतर बनाने में कितने समर्थ हैं।

“Nutrients are lifeline of our healthy and wealthy lifestyle” – healthjaagran

Nutrients meaning in English.

You might have learnt so much things about nutrients meaning in Hindi. This article would be helpful to you. So, please feel free to share your feelings with us to grow more in life. Normally, it is tough to find exact nutrients meaning in Hindi language. But, here you found lots of information about different types of nutrients in Hindi version.


What Are Best and Powerful Macro Minerals and Their Functions

Do you know about macro minerals and their functions. In addition, we will share their types, sources, deficiencies and toxicity effects. Here is the detail of minerals like calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, sodium, chloride, potassium and sulfur.

Micro-nutrients (Micro means very small)

Nutrients, which are required in very much smaller qualities as compared to macro-nutrients in the body of an organism.

Types of micro-nutrients

  1. Vitamins (organic compounds): Water-soluble & Fat-soluble vitamins.
  2. Minerals (inorganic compounds): Macro-minerals & Trace minerals.

A). VITAMINS

Vitamins are micro organic compounds. These are made up by plants and animals which can be broken down by heat, acid or air.

Categorized into two types: i). Water-soluble & ii). Fat-soluble vitamins.

i). Water-soluble vitamins (Vitamin-B group & C)

ii). Fat-soluble vitamins (Vitamin A, D, E, K)

B). MINERALS

Minerals are inorganic compounds present in soil or water and cannot be broken down.

Categorized into two types: i). Major or Macro-minerals & ii). Trace minerals.

i). Major or Macro-minerals

Minerals which are required by an organism in greater amount (in mg) than trace minerals for performing specific functions of body.

Macro minerals and their functions

Calcium
  • Calcium: (RDA = 600-800 mg/day)
    • It is present in our body in greatest amount.
    • Mostly calcium in concentrated in the bones and teeth i.e. appx. 1000-2000gm.
    • Blood calcium level must be maintained within limits (9-11 mg/dl). Above range, it leads to muscle stiffness and below range, it leads to uncontrolled muscular contraction. Low blood calcium level occurs due to deficiency of Vit-D or due to abnormal parathyroid hormones.
    • Functions:
      • Active role in various metabolic reactions e.g. muscle function (contraction & relaxation), blood vessel contraction, blood clotting, heart functioning etc.
      • Helps in bone health with proper structure/rigidity/strength and functioning of bones & teeth.
      • Helps in blood pressure regulation and protection against hypertension.
      • Calcium is required for transmission of nerve impulses.
      • Calcium is also required for cell metabolism.
    • Sources:
      • Milk & dairy products, Bajra, Wheat, Rice, Almond, Sesame seed, Coconut, Soyabean, Mustard, Spinach, Bathua etc.
    • Deficiencies:
      • Incomplete bone mineralization and brittle teeth.
      • Osteoporosis and loss of teeth in adults.
      • Low blood calcium level lead to muscular spasms (Tetany).
    • Excess:
      • Risk of kidney stone formation.
      • Acts as an inhibitor in the absorption of iron and zinc.
      • Higher risk of cardiac issues due to deposition in arteries.
Phosphorus
  • Phosphorus: (RDA = 600-800 mg/day)
    • Helps in bone health and cell membrane structure.
Magnesium
  • Magnesium: (RDA = 300-340 mg/day)
    • Helps in enzymatic reactions and blood pressure regulation.
Sodium
  • Sodium: (RDA = 1000-2100 mg/day)
    • Common salt is the major source of sodium for our body.
    • Functions:
      • Helps in fluid balance and maintenance of blood pressure.
      • Helps in retaining body water.
      • Acts as an acid-base balancer & osmotic pressure regulator.
      • Helps in absorption of various nutrients.
      • Helps in nerve impulse conduction and muscular contraction.
    • Sources:
      • Common salt/Sodium chloride, Food additives, Mustard, Bathua, Salt water fish, Packaged food, Milk, Cheese etc.
    • Deficiencies:
      • Continuous vomit and diarrhoea and excessive sweating.
      • Nausea, Muscular cramps and in case of no treatment, patient can stay in shock & coma.
      • Severe sodium loss can be fatal.
    • Excess:
      • Cardiac problems like high blood pressure.
      • Kidney stones due to excess urinary calcium output.
      • Fluid retention in the body.
Chloride
  • Chloride: (RDA = 1800-2300 mg/day)
    • Helps in fluid balance and in making digestive juices.
Potassium
  • Potassium: (RDA = 3000-3750 mg/day)
    • Maintains cellular functions inside cell, those are performed by sodium outside the cell.
    • Functions:
      • Helps in fluid balance, nerve transmission and muscle function.
      • Maintain cell integrity and constant heartbeat/ cardiac rhythm.
      • Helps in functioning of various enzymes.
      • Maintain acid-base balance and osmotic pressure in the cell.
      • Maintain blood pressure.
    • Sources:
      • Milk, Curd, Banana, Melon, Spinach, Lettuce, Bajra, Orange, Grape, Tomato, Potato, Carrot, Soybean, Almonds, Meat etc.
    • Deficiencies:
      • Diuretic medicines side-effects potassium deficiencies.
      • Potassium deficiency causes high blood pressure.
      • Diarrhoea can cause severe potassium deficiency.
      • Can cause fatal.
    • Excess:
      • Affects heart functioning and reduces heart beats and lead to heart attack.
Sulfur
  • Sulfur: (RDA (Sulfur amino acids (methionine & cysteine)) = 15-18 mg/kg body weight/day)
    • Helps in making tissues as contained in amino acids.

ii). Trace minerals

Minerals are vital as compared to Vitamins. Lack of vitamins causes diseases but lack of minerals may cause even death.

-healthjaagran

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Fat Soluble Vitamin Functions, Sources and Definition

Here, we are going to know about fat soluble vitamin functions deeply. But, before that we need to understand basics about micro nutrients.

Micro-nutrients (Micro means very small)

Nutrients, which are required in very much smaller qualities as compared to macro-nutrients in the body of an organism.

Types of micro-nutrients

  1. Vitamins (organic compounds): Water-soluble & Fat-soluble vitamins.
  2. Minerals (inorganic compounds): Macro-minerals & Trace minerals.

A). VITAMINS

Vitamins are micro organic compounds, made up by plants and animals which can be broken down by heat, acid or air.

Categorized into two types:

i). Water-soluble &

ii). Fat-soluble vitamins.

i). Water soluble vitamins

Vitamin-B group & Vitamin C

ii). Fat soluble vitamins

Vitamin A, D, E and K:

Vitamins which doesn’t dissolve in water and best dissolve in fat or a source of fat. After complete absorption and consumption of these vitamins, they stored in liver and fatty/muscle tissues for a future purpose of body requirement.

Fat-soluble vitamin functions and feautures
Vitamin A
  • Vitamin A: (RDA= 600 mcg(µg)/day (retinol) & 4800 µg/day (beta-carotene)),mcg means microgram.
    • Exist in 2 natural forms = Retinol (animal source) & Beta-carotene (plant source)
    • Functions: Helps in vision/eye health (specially night vision), cell division, healthy skin, organ functioning and building immunity, healthy liver and bone health.
    • Acts as a strong antioxidant for cellular membranes.
    • Required for growth and reproduction.
    • Sources: Meat, Egg, Fish oil, Milk & Dairy products, Spinach, Mustard, Bathua, Mint, Pumpkin, Carrot, Papaya, Melon, Mango, Apricots, Sweet potato etc.
    • Deficiencies: Night blindness, Conjunctival Xerosis (Dryness of front thin membrane layer of eye), Bitot’s spot (Dark grey or black spots in cornea of eye), Corneal Xerosis, Follicular Hyperkeratosis (plugging of hair follicles) etc.
    • Excess: Hypervitaminosis A (GI upset, blurred vision, headache), Hypercarotenemia, Teratogenic (Abortion & birth defects).
Vitamin D
  • Vitamin D: (RDA= 10 µg/day OR 400 IU)
    • Good health of skeletal system.
    • Functions: Helps in building bone health by assisting in calcium absorption, to regulate blood calcium, cell division, reduce risk of some cancers, insulin secretion, functioning of parathyroid gland and also helps in building immunity.
    • Helps in working of vitamin A, calcium and phosphorus in the body.
    • Sources: Exposure to sun light, Fish liver oil, Egg yolk, Milk & milk products etc.
    • Deficiencies: Rickets (children), Osteomalacia (adults).
    • Excess: Constipation, Weight loss, Vomiting, Nausea, Excess thirst etc.
Vitamin E
  • Vitamin E (α-tocopherol): (RDA= 7.5 to 10 mg/day)
    • Essential for reproductive health i.e. tocopherol.
    • Functions: Promotes immune system, protects vit A & vit C from oxidation, helps in anti-aging, cancer protection, prevention from cardiac issues, iron metabolism, nervous tissues health, reproduction, foetus health and reduces cholesterol level.
    • Acts as an antioxidant and protects cell damages.
    • Sources: Corn, Soybean, Wheat germ, Peanut, Almond, Coconut, Bajra, Barley, Wheat grain, Pumpkin seed, Melon seed, Fish oil, Spinach, Broccoli, Papaya etc.
    • Deficiencies: RBC’s breakdown, Muscular dystrophy, Impairment of neuromuscular function.
Vitamin K
  • Vitamin K (Menadione): (RDA= 55 µg/day)
    • Known as coagulation vitamin (coagulation of blood in case of injury).
    • Functions: Helps in blood clotting (formation of blood clotting protein), proper bone development, blood circulation and liver functioning.
    • Sources: Tomatoes, Green pea, Cauliflower, French beans, Spinach, Broccoli, Cabbage, Mustard, Liver oil, Soybeans etc.
    • Deficiencies: Increase in blood clotting time, Increased the chances of haemorrhage.

Fat-soluble vitamins are abundantly available with high-fat foods as they are soluble in fat or lipid and also they are much better absorbed into our bloodstream when we eat these vitamins with fatty food.

-healthjaagran

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Vitamins Soluble in Water with Powerful Benefits for Healthy Life: Nutrients

Which vitamins are soluble in water? Here, you will get deep knowledge about vitamins soluble in water. So, look ahead and enjoy the article.

Micro-nutrients (Micro means very small)

Nutrients which are required in very much smaller qualities as compared to macro-nutrients in the body of an organism.

They are essential as much as macro-nutrients, for biochemical reactions and physiological actions in the body of an organism.

Micro-nutrients help in metabolism (biochemical processes in living organism) of macro-nutrients in living organisms. So, in our daily diet both types of nutrients are important for our healthy lifestyle.

Types of micro-nutrients

  1. Vitamins (organic compounds): Water-soluble & Fat-soluble vitamins.
  2. Minerals (inorganic compounds): Macro-minerals & Trace minerals.

Vitamins

Variety of food has different amount of nutrients i.e. phyto-nutrients, vitamins and minerals etc. so we must intake variety of foods to get enough amount of all nutrients.

healthjaagran

Vitamins are micro organic compounds, made up by plants and animals which can be broken down by heat, acid or air.

Categorized into two types:

i). Water-soluble (vitamins soluble in water) &

ii). Fat-soluble vitamins (soluble in fat).

Water-soluble vitamins (Vitamin-B group & C)

Vitamins which are dissolve in water and not easily stored in our body. They get removed out with urine when consumed in excess amount. Basically, these are vitamins soluble in water.

Salient features of water-soluble vitamins

Vitamin B1
  • Most of Vitamins B act as coenzymes that help in triggering chemical reactions which are essential for energy production.
  • Vitamin B1 (Thiamine): (RDA= 1.0 to 1.7 mg/day)
    • Found in unpolished and unmilled grains.
    • Functions: Helps in converting nutrient into energy i.e. carbohydrate and protein metabolism, nervous system, genetic synthesis (RNA & DNA), regular growth and uterus health.
    • Sources: Whole wheat, Kidney beans, Soy bean, Gram, Peanut, Sunflower seed, Sesame seed, Green pea, Cabbage, Mushroom, Egg, Orange, Watermelon, Yeast, Fish, Brown rice etc.
    • Excess tea and coffee lowers thiamine absorption level.
    • Baking soda in cooking hampers vitamin absorption rate.
    • Deficiencies: Dry beri-beri (nervous & muscular system), Wet beri-beri (Cardiovascular & Neurological system), Infantile beri-beri (breast feed infants), Cerebral beri-beri (in alcoholics).
Vitamin B2
  • Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin): (RDA= 1.1 to 2.1 mg/day)
    • Functions: Helps in energy production i.e. fat, protein & carbs metabolism, cell function, as a coenzyme, vitamin & mineral metabolism, antioxidant activities in body, RBCs synthesis & reproduction.
    • Sources: Whole mild, Curd, Spinach, Mushroom, Tomato, Almond, Peanut, Gram, Whole wheat, Yeast, Mutton, Fish, Egg, Cheese etc.
    • Deficiencies: Ariboflavinosis (Inflammation of tongue & mouth, lip corner cracks, eye & nervous system defects).
Vitamin B3
  • Vitamin B3 (Niacin): (RDA= 12 to 21 mg/day)
    • Exist in 2 forms= Nicotinic acid & Nicotinamide.
    • Niacin is a component of carbohydrate, protein and fat breakdown.
    • Functions: Drives production of energy from food, essential for synthesis of fatty acids & steroids, repair DNA, mobilization of calcium, metabolism of alcohol, skin health & proper digestion.
    • Helps in secretion of insulin and sexual hormones.
    • Increases blood circulation and decreases cholesterol.
    • Sources: Cereals, Pulses, Whole wheat, Wheat bran, Pumpkin seed, Peanut, Almond, Dates, Egg, Meat, Mushroom, Spinach, Tomato, Carrot, Potato, Bajra, Barley etc.
    • Deficiencies: Pellagra (Weight loss, weakness, reduced appetite), Diarrhoea, Dementia, Dermatitis.
Vitamin B5
  • Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic acid): (RDA= 5 mg/day)
    • Essential for fatty acid synthesis process.
    • Functions: Helps in healing wounds, normal growth, metabolism, nervous system, glands functioning and prevention from free radicals means improve immunity & aging.
    • Sources: Yeast, Pulses, Salmon, Geminated wheat, Mushroom, Orange etc.
Vitamin B6
  • Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine): (RDA= 2.0 to 2.5 mg/day)
    • Family of 3 compounds= Pyridoxal, Pyridoxine and Pyridoxamine.
    • Functions: Helps in releasing sugar from stored amount of carbohydrates for energy, creating blood cells & anti-bodies, transamination of amino acids, responsible for oxygen binding in haemoglobin, synthesis of WBCs, carbohydrate metabolism, gene expression, for interconversion from tryptophan to niacin and homocysteine to cysteine.
    • It maintains ratio in between sodium and phosphorus and also regulates fluid balance in between sodium and potassium.
    • Sources: Meat, Fish, Almond, Oat, Wheat bran, Potato, Watermelon, Spinach, Banana, Soy bean etc.
    • Deficiencies: Inflammation of tongue, skin of scalp, hair or face, Anaemia due to pale colored RBCs, Depression, Headaches, Confusion and Convulsions.
Vitamin B7
  • Vitamin B7 (Biotin): (RDA= 30 mcg/day)
    • Functions: Helps in metabolism of fatty acids, amino acids and glucose, also helps in skin health and metabolism.
    • Regulates nucleic acid formation i.e. RNA, DNA.
    • Prohibits baldness.
    • Sources: Pulses, Yeast, Germinated beans, Egg, Soybean etc.
Vitamin B9
  • Vitamin B9 (Folate): (RDA= 200 to 300 mcg/day)
    • Essential for cell division.
    • Functions: Helps in synthesis of genetic material, proliferation, amino acids metabolism, cell maturation, improvement of mental state, heart protective, maintain blood pressure, lowers risk of cancer.
    • Sources: Spinach, Bathua, Mustard, Carrot, Broccoli, Tomato, Peas, Orange, Banana, Melon, Egg, Meat, Whole grains etc.
    • Deficiencies: Anaemia, Spina bifida (bulging of spinal cord or spinal fluid), Neural tube defects in foetus.
Vitamin B12
  • Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin): (RDA= 1.0 to 1.5 mcg/day)
    • Only vitamin that has cobalt mineral in its structure.
    • Functions: Helps in formation of RBCs, functioning of nervous system, folic acid metabolism, coenzyme for amino acid conversion, maintain myelin sheath of nervous system, metabolism of fatty acids and improves mental concentration.
    • Sources: Seafood, Meat, Chicken, Organ meat, Milk and milk products, Egg etc.
    • Deficiencies: Pernicious Anaemia, Abnormal formation of blood cells, Loss of appetite, Diarrhoea, Mental retardness, Memory loss, Concentration loss.
Vitamin C
  • Vitamin-C (Ascorbic acid): (RDA= 40 to 60 mg/day)
    • Acts as antioxidant.
    • Functions: Helps in building immune system, neurotransmitters and collagen, absorption of iron, transport of fatty acids, tyrosine & thyroxin, lowers cholesterol & stress, repairing and maintenance of tissues etc.
    • Sources: Melon, Lemon, Orange, Kiwi, Mango, Papaya, Guava, Tomato, Green chillies, Potato, Spinach, Bathua, Amla(Indian gooseberry) etc.
    • Deficiencies: Scurvy (bleeding gums, delay in wound healing), Infantile scurvy (bone pain and difficulty in movement).
    • Excess: Diarrhoea, Stomach inflammation and Kidney stones.

Fat-soluble vitamins (Vitamin A, D, E, K)

Click fat soluble vitamins for detail.

Tulsi Rose Tea

Mint Green Tea

Tulsi, Moringa & Mint Tea

Cinnamon Tea

Friends, even for a healthy person, it is safe to take multivitamins everyday to keep his/her sound health rather vitamins quantity must lie within RDA (Recommended dietary allowances) range.

-healthjaagran

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Vit D3 miracle

Dr. Strand, M.D.

Deep Nutrition

Vitamin D

Amazing Facts on Nutrition For Healthy Food And Healthy Life

In today’s world, everybody is talking about the facts of nutrition and malnutrition. In fact, nutritional information plays an important role in your daily routine activities for getting healthy food and healthy life. But the point is that, how much aware you are, about the values of nutrition and malnutrition in your lifestyle. So, probably, you will be willing to learn and feel the facts of healthy lifestyle.

Hence, it is our pleasure that we are explaining the same for you with simplicity. Importantly, you can understand the importance of nutrition for getting healthy food and healthy life. So, you can learn and implement the importance of nutrition in your life so that to have better and healthy living.

What do you mean by nutrition and how does it help you for getting healthy food and healthy life ?

Nutrition is

The science of body nourishment.

We can say that it is a branch of science that explains the role of nutrients and other substances of food.

In other words, this branch of science deals with the food substances in relation to repairing & maintenance, growth & development, reproduction and health & disease of an organism for making healthy life.

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So, you can say that the nutrition is a science of food, nutrients and other substances. Their action, their interaction and balance in relation to health and diseases also plays a vital role.

Healthy food and healthy life
Healthy food and healthy life

Antoine Lavoisier (French chemist), is known as Father of Nutrition & Chemistry”. In 1770, he discovered the concept of metabolism. Most importantly, metabolism is the transfer of food and oxygen into heat & water in the body and consequently it creates energy. So, the metabolism signifies the role and process of different reactions in the body.

Nutrition plays a significant role in your healthy food and healthy life, even before your birth. Although we may not always be aware of it but it continues to affect us in major ways till we die. So, it is a really amazing topic to check out with patience.

Types of nutrition: Healthy Food and Healthy Life

Autotrophic Nutrition

In this type of nutrition, an organism synthesizes high energy organic molecule(food) from low energy inorganic molecules. Although, the low energy molecules are available in nearby surroundings like carbon from CO2, nitrogen from nitrates etc.. So, autotrophic organisms are dependent on themselves.

For example, green plants.

Symbiotic Nutrition

In this type of nutrition, two organisms live in mutual association and derive nutrition from each other. So, they are interdependent to each other.

For example, E.coli lives in intestine of man & synthesizes B12 and in return E.coli gets energy from intestine of man.

Heterotrophic Nutrition

In this type of nutrition, an organism obtains food by feeding on other organisms. But this type of nutrition is further categorized as follows –

  • Holozoic Nutrition: An organism engulf complete food into the body, digests it and then absorbs nutrients through digested food. For example, human beings (herbivores, carnivores and omnivores).
  • Saprotrophic Nutrition: In this type, an organism digests food outside the body through digestive enzymes and then absorbs nutrients. For example, some bacteria, spider, housefly etc.
  • Parasitic Nutrition: In this category, an organism derives food from other living organism by living on or inside the body of organism (called as host). But host may or may not be affected by this relationship. For example, some bacteria, tapeworm, roundworm etc.

In addition, Nutrition is the science that includes processes, by which an animal or plant takes in and utilizes food substances.

Nutrition involves following processes

  1. Firstly, Ingestion of food.
  2. Secondly, Digestion of large particles of food into small particles within GI tract.
  3. Thirdly, Absorption of nutrients in small intestine.
  4. Fourthly, Transportation of nutrients through blood stream.
  5. Fifthly, Utilization of nutrients within cells and
  6. Sixth, Excretion of waste product.

Factors affecting the nutrition of an organism

  1. Social compulsions of food and eating habits.
  2. Cultural implications of food and eating habits.
  3. Economical problems of food and eating habits and
  4. Psychological issues of food and eating habits.

Feeling good about yourself and taking care of your health are important for your self-esteem and self-image. So, always try to maintain healthy lifestyle by doing things positively.

Good nutrition is an important part of a healthy food and healthy lifestyle. Therefore, along with physical activity, positive attitude and adequate rest, good food/nutrition helps you to reach an optimal health. This complete balance helps in maintaining a healthy weight, reduced risk of chronic diseases and promotes overall good health.

Healthy food is the key of healthy nutrition. Therefore, you need to take good nutrition through healthy food for keeping yourself healthy. Essential nutrients like protein, carbohydrate, fat, vitamin, mineral and water, are utmost requirement of an organism to live healthy life. Because these nutrients gives energy and protection for growth, maintenance and repairing of body cells.

In current situation, healthy food means to have organic and pure food that contains all essential nutrients in its pure, potent and safe form. Because of so much adulteration and environmental bad conditions around you, your life has been hassled. So, you need to fulfill your daily requirement of all nutrients for getting healthy life. Healthy food helps in maintaining full tank of your body nutrition so that life could be easy and enjoyable.

Insufficient amount of essential nutrients in the body leads to degenerative disorders due to lack of proper nourishment.

Therefore, Inadequate amount of nutrition or improper nutritional status of an organism leads to malnutrition.

What do you mean by malnutrition and how does it effect our healthy food and healthy life ?

Malnutrition

It refers to impairment or loss of https://healthmakesyou.com/">healthhealth. As a fact, malnutrition results from deficiencies, excesses or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and or nutrients.

Hence, lack of essential nutrients in the body is known as malnutrition. Also, we can say that insufficient amount of nutrients in the body is a kind of malnutrition.

Causes

Malnutrition includes poor diet, poor digestive conditions or any other disease. In fact, there are several factors, effecting malnutrition of an individual. It may be social, physical or financial.

Symptoms are as follows

  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Weight loss and
  • Loss in concentration power

Untreated malnutrition can cause physical or mental disabilities.

There are 2 broad groups of malnutrition

Under nutrition

  • Under nutrition: Nutrition in the body of an individual is less than recommended dietary allowance (RDA)
    • Deficiency of calories- It includes underweight (low weight for age), stunting (low height for age) and wasting (low weight for height).
    • Deficit amount of vitamins & minerals- micro nutrients related malnutrition: Includes micro nutrients deficiencies such as anemia, rickets, pellagra, night blindness, scurvy etc. as well as excesses such as toxicity due to vitamin A.

Over nutrition

  • Over nutrition: Nutrition in the body of an individual is in excess amount than the standard range of recommended dietary allowances (RDA).
    • Overweight, obesity and diet related non communicable diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, cancers etc.

Malnutrition affects people in every country. So, you need to be aware yourself about it. Also try to awake others and always intake nutritious food for enhancing nutritional status of your body & for enjoying your healthy lifestyle.

I think you have known to so much valuable information about healthy nutrition. Here, you have learnt the facts of nutrition and malnutrition. Now, you can implement the same & take care of yourself and your family with the feeling of wellness.

“To eat is a necessity, but to eat intelligently is an art”

– La Rochefoucauld (French author)

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