Which vitamins are soluble in water? Here, you will get deep knowledge about vitamins soluble in water. So, look ahead and enjoy the article.
Micro-nutrients(Micro means very small)
Nutrients which are required in very much smaller qualities as compared to macro-nutrients in the body of an organism.
They are essential as much as macro-nutrients, for biochemical reactions and physiological actions in the body of an organism.
Micro-nutrients help in metabolism (biochemical processes in living organism) of macro-nutrients in living organisms. So, in our daily diet both types of nutrients are important for our healthy lifestyle.
Functions: Helps in healing wounds, normal growth, metabolism, nervous system, glands functioning and prevention from free radicals means improve immunity & aging.
Sources: Yeast, Pulses, Salmon, Geminated wheat, Mushroom, Orange etc.
Vitamin B6 (Pyridoxine):(RDA= 2.0 to 2.5 mg/day)
Family of 3 compounds= Pyridoxal, Pyridoxine and Pyridoxamine.
Functions: Helps in releasing sugar from stored amount of carbohydrates for energy, creating blood cells & anti-bodies, transamination of amino acids, responsible for oxygen binding in haemoglobin, synthesis of WBCs, carbohydrate metabolism, gene expression, for interconversion from tryptophan to niacin and homocysteine to cysteine.
It maintains ratio in between sodium and phosphorus and also regulates fluid balance in between sodium and potassium.
Deficiencies: Anaemia, Spina bifida (bulging of spinal cord or spinal fluid), Neural tube defects in foetus.
Vitamin B12 (Cobalamin):(RDA= 1.0 to 1.5 mcg/day)
Only vitamin that has cobalt mineral in its structure.
Functions: Helps in formation of RBCs, functioning of nervous system, folic acid metabolism, coenzyme for amino acid conversion, maintain myelin sheath of nervous system, metabolism of fatty acids and improves mental concentration.
Sources: Seafood, Meat, Chicken, Organ meat, Milk and milk products, Egg etc.
Deficiencies: Pernicious Anaemia, Abnormal formation of blood cells, Loss of appetite, Diarrhoea, Mental retardness, Memory loss, Concentration loss.
Vitamin-C (Ascorbic acid):(RDA= 40 to 60 mg/day)
Acts as antioxidant.
Functions: Helps in building immune system, neurotransmitters and collagen, absorption of iron, transport of fatty acids, tyrosine & thyroxin, lowers cholesterol & stress, repairing and maintenance of tissues etc.
Sources: Melon, Lemon, Orange, Kiwi, Mango, Papaya, Guava, Tomato, Green chillies, Potato, Spinach, Bathua, Amla(Indian gooseberry) etc.
Deficiencies: Scurvy (bleeding gums, delay in wound healing), Infantile scurvy (bone pain and difficulty in movement).
Excess: Diarrhoea, Stomach inflammation and Kidney stones.
Nutrients are the fuel of your body. These can be taken only from outside through food. Do you know the powerful benefits of nutrientsandWhy do you need nutrients for your body? In fact, nutrients definition with their types and roles, must be clear in your mind for living with healthy food and happy lifestyle.
Hence, there may be lot of questions in your mind about facts of nutrients, nutrients definition and their functions in your body. But those doubts will be cleared here. Now, it depends on you whether you check given below information deeply or just on surface.
So, let starts from basics of nutrients definition.
Nutrients are: The chemical substances present in the food. Although, these chemical substances must be supplied to the body of an organism in proper amount for its growth, repairing, maintenance and reproduction activities.
Nutrients provide body nourishment. These are essential for maintenance of life and growth. Also, different type of nutrients perform specific function in your body and required in different amounts.
Please keep in mind that nutrient is a source of nourishment such as food, that can be metabolized by an organism for giving energy and building tissues. While, nutrition is the organic process by which an organism assimilates food.
Different types of organism have different essential nutrients. Nutrients are categorized as Organic and Inorganic. Plants nutritional requirement varies as compared with animals because plants synthesize many of nutrients itself.Although, total no. of 17 nutrients are required by plants. But out of these nutrients, 9 nos. of nutrients (nitrogen (N), phosphorus(P), potassium(K), calcium(Ca), sulfur(S), magnesium(Mg), carbon (C), oxygen(O) and hydrogen(H)) are macro-nutrients and 8 nos. of nutrients (iron (Fe), boron (B), chlorine (Cl), manganese (Mn), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), molybdenum (Mo) and nickel (Ni)) are micro-nutrients.
Broad classification of nutrients
Include carbon containing compounds.
Include non-carbon containing compounds.
for example iron, selenium, zinc containing compounds.
Classification of nutrients as per functions
Energy giving nutrients
Major nutrients responsible for providing energy are carbohydrates and fats. These help in providing energy for doing daily routine activities.
Body building nutrients
Major nutrient that is responsible for body building is protein. It helps in growing body by formation of new tissues.
Major nutrients those are responsible for performing defence mechanism of our body are vitamins and minerals. These nutrients help in protecting our body from infections by building immune system.
Major nutrients are vitamins, minerals and water. These helps in maintaining regulatory function of body like fluid balance, body temperature etc.
Nutrients classification as per describing nutritional requirement of organisms
A.Macro nutrients definition & function
Nutrients consumed in large amounts (grams or ounces).
Includes chemical compounds i.e. Carbohydrates, Fat, Protein and Water.
Includes chemical elements i.e. CHNOPS (Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorus, Sulphur). These 6 elemental nutrients are macronutrients for all organisms.
Used to provide energy for growth and maintenance of an organism.
Play role in giving energy and body building of an organism.
Carbohydrates are compounds made up of types of sugars. They are classified as monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides & polysaccharides.
Proteins are organic compounds consist of amino acids which are joined by peptide bonds. Through digestion, proteins broken down back into amino acids with the help of proteases.
Fats are glycerin molecules with fatty acids. Fatty acids are molecules with -COOH group attached to unbranched hydrocarbon chains.
Energy content: Fat(9kcal/gm), Protein(4kcal/gm) & Carbs(4kcal/gm).
B.Micro nutrients definition & function
Nutrients consumed in small amounts (milligrams or micrograms).
Includes Vitamins and Minerals.
Biochemical and physiological functions in cellular processes, like vascular functions and nerve conduction.
Play role in protection of an organism from foreign particles e.g. bacteria, viruses etc.
Minerals are trace elements and essential for metabolic activities.
Vitamins are organic compounds essential for our body and act as a co-factors or co-enzymes for various proteins in our body, metabolic regulators or antioxidants.
Vitamin deficiency lead to diseases but Minerals deficiency can cause even death because minerals have vital role in functioning of organ system e.g. lack of hemoglobin due to iron deficiency, heart attack due to calcium deficiency etc.
Essential nutrients: Definition & Function
Nutrients required for normal physiological or biochemical operations in an organism which are not synthesized in the body either completely or in sufficient quantity.